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SNOW STORM: With a fairly well defined snow storm to begin with on Saturday evening last the outlook for a long and rigorous winter was indeed quite flattering, despite the prophesies that there would be a remarkably open winter with little snow to speak of. Throughout the county the farmers were for the most part ready for whatever weather is to be doled out this winter. Usually they do not like to see winter come, but this year they were early with their corn husking, the October weather being much in their favor.
SUSQUEHANNA: The first big basketball game of the season will be played at the Railroad Y. M. C. A. next Saturday evening, when the local five will meet the crack First Regiment quintet of Oneonta. Under the direction of Captain Wright, the team has been practicing for the past few weeks and is in fine condition. AND: It is stated that the Erie Railroad Co. is to discharge all of its crippled employees on the system. If the order should be put into effect, it would be the means of hundreds of men losing their positions.
BRIDGEWATER: S.E. Horton lost a pocketbook Tuesday containing quite a large sum of money. A pedestrian picked it up on the streets and left it at Morris’ drug store, where it was restored to its rightful owner. Nothing like living in an honest community.
EAST DIMOCK: Quite a snowstorm Saturday evening. It makes us think of what is coming. AND: Alvah Allen is digging a ditch to lay a pipe to bring water to his house and barn.
CLIFFORD: A daring daylight burglary and assault was committed by three unknown men at the home of Wm. Tinker, one of Clifford township’s oldest and most respected citizens, Wednesday of last week. Mr. Tinker, who is upwards of 80, lives alone with his housekeeper, Mrs. Wirtz, mother of Christopher Wirtz of this place. About 7 Wednesday morning they went to do chores and Mrs. Wirtz, on returning, was confronted by three men, one of whom pointed a revolver at her and demanded to know where Mr. Tinker kept his money. She told them he had no money in the house, whereupon they demanded what money she had and she turned over $2. Mrs. Wirtz was forced to retire to her bedroom and when Mr. Tinker returned the same demand was made to him. He at once turned to escape and the men attacked him with the butt end of the revolver, inflicting three deep wounds on his head, stunning him for the time being. The men ransacked the house then left. The only known valuables taken were a gold and silver watch and two rings. Mrs. Wirtz alarmed the neighbors and a search made. It is thought they started in the direction of Forest City. They were young men, shabbily dressed and wore caps and made no effort to mask their faces. The elderly couple was nearly prostrated by the affair. Mr. Tinker’s injuries are not dangerous, but painful.
FRIENDSVILLE: Dureta McMahon, wife of Cornelius McMahon, died Nov. 16 from heart failure with a complication of dropsy and liver trouble. The deceased was 64 years of age, having been born Oct. 16, 1846. Her parents were Patrick and Catherine (O’Connell) Horan. The funeral was held at St. Francis Xavier church, with interment in the cemetery at that place.
MONTROSE: The young ladies in charge of the Montrose Telephone and Telegraph Company’s Exchange, entertained Misses Carrie Mead and Leta Winfield, the efficient Hallstead operators, on Tuesday last. The hours were enjoyably spent in chatting over the pleasant features connected with the “hello” profession. They were delighted with Montrose and added many new friends to their circle while here.
FRANKLIN TWP.: A. S. Burrows, of Grand Forks, N. D., has been visiting this week in his former home here and in Montrose. Mr. Burrows was enroute from Boston where he attended the launching of the new battleship, the North Dakota. He was with the Governor’s party of 80, which came to the launching on a special [railroad] car provided for the purpose and states they had a most enjoyable time. Mr. Burrows is aging, but is young at heart, well read, and an extensive traveler. He has been west nearly 25 years.
ALFORD: Our little hamlet, nestling between the hills, is beginning to take on a wintery appearance. Snow is on the ground in some places to quite a depth.
GREAT BEND: Virgil Eggleston, while on his way to his farm Tuesday evening, was run into by a team, his carriage smashed and he was thrown out on his head and shoulders, sustaining a dislocated shoulder and being otherwise seriously injured. He was taken to the home of John Hazard and the next morning removed to his home in this place. Owing to the intense swelling, Drs. Rosenkrans and Hines did not set it until Saturday.
FAIR HILL, JESSUP & FOREST LAKE TWP.: Miss Ethel Andre and Miss Leona Beebe, “hello” girls at Montrose, spent Sunday at their homes.
SPRINGVILLE: R. E. McMicken has an outfit for carrying loads of people wishing to go to Aid Societies, his team being the finest in this vicinity. He took a load down to J. K. Aldrich’s last week.
RUSH: Mr. and Mrs. Albert Butterfield died within five days of each other at their home in Denver, Colorado. They were former residents of this vicinity, having conducted the well-known resort known as the Mineral Spring House, near here, for many years. Mr. Butterfield, against the advice of his doctor, went to the polls election day to cast his ballot. He contracted pneumonia and died four days later. Mrs. Butterfield, unable to stand the grief occasioned by the death of her husband, followed him in death five days later. They were married for 35 years and were devoted to each other. Twenty-four years ago they moved to Denver where Mr. Butterfield was engaged in the real estate business.
FOREST CITY: Mrs. Michael Karnes died at her home here Nov. 8th, after an illness of nearly a year. Deceased was born in Ireland and was aged 58 years and six months. Her maiden name was Delia A. Farrel. With her parents she came to this country when quite young and was united in marriage to Karnes in Honesdale, 42 years ago. Excepting a year in Boston they resided in Forest City the past 25 years.
BROOKLYN: L. S. Ely has shipped about two tons of No. 1 honey from his bees this year and has quite a quantity on hand. The year has been good for bees, the late warm fall enabling them to work much longer than usual.
I received a request from a reader to provide guidance as to the potential liability of an owner for horses or other large animals that routinely leave their pasture due to inadequate fencing. In particular, the reader expressed concern over such large animals causing damage to the properties of the neighbors, or the potential for a traffic accident if the animals entered the highway.
I had never run across a criminal case where a livestock owner was charged for the damage done by his or her “loose” livestock. Upon doing a little research, I did locate statutory provisions relating to “stray” livestock, i.e., cattle, horses, goats and swine. Under the Agriculture Code, there are remedies for landowners that discover livestock on his or her “improved” lands. The statute allows the landowner to take possession of the livestock, contact a local constable, and authorizes the constable to impound the livestock at an appropriate facility.
The constable would then contact the owner of the livestock within 24 hours, unless the owner of the livestock does not live in the county, then the notice is provided by registered mail. The owner may retrieve his or her livestock upon the payment of damages incurred by the neighboring property owners together with the constable’s costs, which include the boarding costs for the impounded livestock. The owner must do so within three days of the initial impoundment of the livestock.
If there is a dispute over the costs or damages, or if the owner simply refused to make payment for the damages and the costs within the three-day period, then the constable prepares a complaint and files it with the local magistrate judge. The magistrate judge would then appoint three disinterested “viewers” from the surrounding neighborhood to determine the appropriate amount of monetary damages that the owner of the livestock should pay for the acts of the stray livestock. The viewers would have five days to investigate the matter and provide a written report to the magistrate judge.
At that point, the owner of the livestock continues to have the right to obtain possession of his or her livestock upon payment of all damages and costs. The owner has the right to pursue a separate legal action for recovery of the livestock and pursue a jury trial for a determination as to the amount the owner is required to pay for the damages caused by the livestock and the costs associated with the impoundment. Interestingly, if the owner seeks a jury trial, the statute provides that if the jury determines that the damages are the same or greater than the damages determined by the independent viewers appointed by the magistrate judge, then the owner of the livestock is required to pay the attorney fees incurred by the victims in defending the civil action.
Finally, if the owner simply refuses to make payment and does not seek a separate jury trial, then the statute authorizes the public sale of the livestock. The proceeds from the sale would be used to pay for the damages caused by the livestock as well as the costs associated with the impoundment, and any other related costs. If there is a surplus, it would go to the owner of the livestock. If the sale fails to generate sufficient funds to pay the damages and costs, the court would then divide the proceeds evenly between the different victims, so that each received a pro rata share according to their damage claims.
What if the owner of the livestock is unknown? The procedures remain the same, except that any surplus from the sale would be turned over to the County Treasurer. The proceeds would then be retained for two years to allow for the owner to appear with proof of ownership of the livestock to claim the funds.
This is another statute that has not been amended in some time, as the costs imposed reflect. What are the costs? The constable receives one dollar for each animal impounded, and two dollars for each animal sold at sale. There is a cap on the compensation for the constable, which is four dollars. The fee for the magistrate judge is one dollar for each case, and, if viewers are appointed, they are entitled to receive one dollar for the first hour of work, and fifty cents for each additional hour of work!
Please submit any questions, concerns, or comments to Susquehanna County District Attorney’s Office, P.O. Box 218, Montrose, Pennsylvania 18801 or at our website www.SusquehannaCounty-DA.org or discuss this and all articles at http://dadesk.blogspot.com/.
Q. I’m a 64-year-old woman who is lactose intolerant. Do you think this will put me at risk for osteoporosis?
Between 30 and 50 million Americans are lactose intolerant, which means they have trouble digesting dairy products. Lactose intolerance usually is not dangerous.
Lactase is an enzyme made in the small intestine. You need lactase to digest lactose, the sugar in milk. People who are lactose intolerant don’t make enough lactase; after consuming lactose, they suffer from bloating, nausea, stomach cramps and diarrhea. These symptoms usually begin a half-hour to two hours after ingesting lactose.
Osteoporosis, or porous bone, is a disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue. This condition creates an increased risk of fractures.
Osteoporosis is a major public health threat for 44 million Americans; about 68 percent of them are women. One out of every two women and one in four men over 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime.
A major risk factor for developing osteoporosis is insufficient calcium intake. Dairy products are significant sources of calcium. It’s easy to assume that someone who is lactose intolerant might be more likely suffer from osteoporosis. However, research into the influence of lactose intolerance upon osteoporosis has produced mixed findings.
People who are lactose intolerant just have to be especially vigilant about consuming enough calcium to maintain bone health. You can maintain a diet rich in calcium by eating broccoli, leafy greens, canned salmon, almonds, oranges, certain kinds of tofu and soy milk, and calcium-fortified breads and juices. In addition, there are supplements you can take to meet your daily requirements of calcium and other nutrients.
Those of us between the ages of 51 and 70 should take in 1,500 milligrams of calcium daily.
People of northern European descent are less likely to be lactose intolerant. However, about 75 percent of adult African-Americans and Native Americans are considered to be lactose intolerant. And, 90 percent of Asian-Americans are lactose intolerant.
There are three types of lactose intolerance.
Primary: this is caused by aging. The body produces large amounts of lactase during early childhood when milk is the primary source of nutrition. Usually, lactase production drops when you become less reliant on milk. This gradual decline may cause symptoms of lactose intolerance.
Secondary: this type occurs when lactase production decreases after an illness, surgery or injury to your small intestine. This form of the condition may last weeks and be completely reversible. However, long-term illness can make it permanent.
Congenital: you can be born with lactose intolerance, but it happens rarely. Infants with congenital lactose intolerance can’t tolerate their mothers' breast milk.
Don’t self-diagnose lactose intolerance. If you have symptoms, see a doctor. The symptoms could be caused by something else. There are tests to determine if you are lactose intolerant.
Most people with lactose intolerance can take some milk products. They may be able to increase their tolerance to dairy products by gradually introducing them into their diets. However, most supermarkets carry lactose-reduced or lactose-free products.
You can manage your lactose intolerance with lactase enzyme tablets; you can take them just before you eat. These tablets help many people.
Probiotics are living organisms in your intestines that help maintain a healthy digestive system. Probiotics are available as active cultures in some yogurts and as supplements in capsule form. These may also help your body digest lactose.
If you have a question, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
No Straight From Starrucca This Week
Sowbugs & pillbugs: armored scavengers
Perhaps one of the most frequently encountered, yet least noticed critters, are those small, armadillo-like bugs that quickly scurry away when you lift up an old board. Usually found in fairly large numbers, these “bugs” somehow disgust us and prompt us to quickly return the rotting board to its original position. We have just disturbed a group of sowbugs or pillbugs. While “woodlice” is another common name for either of these critters, sowbugs and pillbugs are distinctive species groups. If the disturbed “bug” rolls up into a ball, it is a pillbug. Sowbugs do not assume that defensive position. Also, pillbugs have a sharper convex profile than the sowbugs.
Pictured are left, a sowbug - note identifying “tails” and right, a ventral view of a sowbug.
Commonly found under rotting boards and logs, sowbugs and pillbugs are not insects, but isopods. Like insects, isopods have the characteristic jointed legs and hardened exoskeleton of their common phylum Arthropoda. Since isopods are members of the Class Crustacea, sowbugs are closely related to crabs, shrimp, lobsters and crayfish. Of the more than 4,000 isopods, only the few species of sowbugs and pillbugs are terrestrial, with the remaining being marine or aquatic.
Ranging in size from one-quarter to three-quarters inches in length, the oval-shaped sowbugs vary in color from dark brown to slate. They are wingless and have visible eyes. Their thoraxes are divided into 7 segments. They have 7 pairs of legs and two pairs of antennae, although only one pair is readily visible. Sowbugs have a pair of tail-like appendages, which protrude from the rear. Pillbugs lack these tails. The females of both have flattened structures at the base of some of their legs. These are brooding pouches for holding the developing eggs and embryos. Mating throughout the warmer seasons, the females carry up to 200 eggs in their brood pouches. The eggs hatch in three to seven weeks. The white-colored young remain in the brood pouches for up to eight weeks. There can be several generations per year, with individuals living up to three years. With incomplete metamorphosis, immature sowbugs look like smaller, lighter-colored versions of the adults. They molt 4 or 5 times before reaching maturity. The back half usually molts several days prior to the front half, resulting in a “two-tone” critter. They live together in family groups, with each family having a unique chemical ID that distinguishes it from the rest of the sowbug population.
Since sowbugs breathe through gills located beneath the abdomen, they require a moist, humid environment. They find this under decaying wood, leaf litter and damp soil. In these locations, the sowbugs and pillbugs scavenge on decaying organic matter. They often group in masses, an action that helps preserve their moisture. They will remain hidden during the day, but will emerge at night to crawl about in search of more food. When disturbed, sowbugs are fast crawlers and can quickly disappear into cracks and crevices. They crawl into the moist soil where they become inactive during the cold winter months.
Sowbugs and pillbugs occasionally feed on young plants, but their impact is minimal. Their biggest nuisance is simply their presence in an area where we don’t want to see them. This can be prevented by the removal of any moisture-retaining debris that can provide habitat for them. Indoors, simply removing moisture and humidity can discourage or kill them. They can easily be collected by vacuuming or by use of a dustpan and broom. Though not usually necessary or recommended, the application of a pesticide containing carbaryl or pyrethrin can be effective in controlling extreme cases of the isopod population.
Questions, comments and suggestions regarding this article, identifications or any other insect -related matters are welcome. Please email them to email@example.com.
No Food For Thought This Week
No Earth Talk This Week
Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Week November 16 – 22
Barnes-Kasson Hospital is celebrating National Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Week during November 16 – 22. Pancreatic cancer is a cancer of the pancreas. This organ is part of digestivesystem that produces hormones, such as somatostatin, a growth hormone. When the pancreas is infected with cancer, a malignant tumor will grow in the pancreas.
Pancreatic cancer is sometimes called a "silent disease" because in its early stage, it often does not cause symptoms. Once the cancer has progressed, it is quite common for the patient to feel pain in the upper abdomen and have a loss of appetite, followed by significant weight loss. All of these symptoms can indicate other problems, which is why it usually takes some time for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer to come about.
Once diagnosed, treatment options are slim. Surgery and chemotherapy are the two main options. Surgery can only be preformed if the cancer is in an early stage, and if the tumor has not spread out of the pancreas yet. Chemotherapy however, can usually be used if the cancer has already spread, and has been seen to improve the rate of survival.
Patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer typically have a poor prognosis, partly because the cancer usually causes no symptoms early on. Survival from diagnosis is around three to six months; five-year survival is less than 5%. With 37,170 cases diagnosed in the United States in 2007 and 33,700 deaths, pancreatic cancer has one of the highest fatality rates of all cancers, and is the fourth highest cancer killer in the United States among both men and women. It is because of these reasons that it is extremely important to contact your local physician or doctor as soon as a patient has symptoms. The earlier pancreatic cancer is found, the higher the survival rate is. Remember to have routine visits with your doctor.
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