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Issue Home October 15, 2008 Site Home

COLUMNS:
100 Years Ago
From the Desk of the D.A.
The Healthy Geezer
Straight From Starrucca
Veterans’ Corner
What’s Bugging You?
Food For Thought
Earth Talk
Barnes-Kasson Corner


100 Years Ago

DIMOCK: Hunters are more numerous in the woods than game.

LYNN: Apples are bringing only 60 cents per hundred, hardly worthwhile to pick them. Potatoes are worth 65 cents a bushel, and still the potato is better than the apple crop. Why don’t they bring a price in proportion?

STARRUCCA: Angus Smith, aged 91 years, one of the early pioneers of Susquehanna Co., died at his home in Starrucca on Tuesday. He was a large manufacturer of wood acid for many years, but has been retired for some years.

BROOKLYN: F. B. Jewett drove his span of grays with a carriage containing five grown persons, from Brooklyn to Foster [Hop Bottom] station, a distance of about 4 ½ miles one day last week, in 23 minutes and let them walk up both grades and met the early train for Scranton just as it was drawing into the station. AND: Ira Johnson, who is proprietor of one of the school wagons that cart the children from the Watrous district to Brooklyn, met with an accident one morning last week. He had been to Brooklyn with the children and returned to A. J. Smith’s, where he was loading some apples to take to Hopbottom, when it is supposed that one of the horses kicked him. He was found unconscious beside the wagon, and remained so all day.

MONTROSE: D. V. Gardner’s cigar store, pool and billiard rooms are now heated by steam from a thoroughly modern plant installed by J. J. Ryan & Co. “Dave’s” new quarters are second to none outside of the larger cities. AND: Take in Washburn’s big sensation at the colonial next Monday night. Fine moving pictures and interesting vaudeville will entertain you. The show that has delighted thousands of people. Don’t miss it.

NORTH JACKSON: Through the kindness of Judson Savory the Epworth League Junior Band enjoyed a straw ride to Jackson and were royally entertained at the M. E. parsonage by Rev. and Mrs. Transue. About 25 young people made up the company.

HALLSTEAD: Charles Connor has completed a fine map of the borough, which will be used to perfect a fire alarm system for the use of the fire department.

GREAT BEND: A very pretty autumn wedding was solemnized at St. Lawrence church, Wednesday morning, October 7th at 10 o’clock. Rev. Father Mack performed the ceremony, which made Margaret R. Dolan, of Brookdale, the bride of Leo. Walsh, of Silver Lake. The bride was handsomely attired in white lansdown trimmed with all over silk lace and wore a white picture hat and carried a white prayer book. The brides maid was Miss Catherine Dolan, sister of the bride, who also wore cream-colored lansdown with lace trimmings, and wore a hat to match. The groom was attended by his brother, John Joseph Walsh, and both wore the conventional suit of black. Immediately after the ceremony a wedding breakfast was served at the home of the bride. The bride was the recipient of many beautiful and costly presents.

ELK LAKE: James Cokely will have a public sale at his farm 1 mile west of Elk Lake, Tuesday, Oct. 17, of stock, tools, and last but not least a good dog.

FLYNN: The Baldwin School is closed on account of Spotted fever existing on the premises of Leroy Edwards in that district.

UNIONDALE: The fair at this place was a decided success. The weather was fine and there was a large attendance. A special train was sent from Susquehanna for the occasion. The exhibits were much better than were expected for the first one and the people of Uniondale looked with pride upon the interest manifested by the entire county. The races were exceedingly good and conducted so fairly that no one disputed or doubted the right of the winner.

ARARAT: Mrs. N. Brooks passed away the 3rd after an illness of two weeks, caused by a stroke, which she sustained on the night of the 19th of September, in her 90th year. Again we are called upon to mourn, this time for mother. Just three weeks ago from the day we laid brother George to rest in the family plot in the cemetery, the Angel of Death called for mother, and her sweet spirit hastened to meet her Lord, whose acquaintance she made 75 years ago. Three daughters and two sons are left to mourn her absence.

AUBURN FOUR CORNERS: Mr. and Mrs. J. Q. Adams entertained a dinner party on Tuesday in honor of their daughter Vera’s sixth birthday. The ladies finished a quilt, which little Miss Vera had pieced during the past summer.

SUSQUEHANNA: Wm. Flynn was taken to Montrose by Constable W.H. Smithurst and placed in Sheriff Pritchard’s custody. Flynn was quite disorderly in the “city of stairs” and rambled all around the town exercising his vocal organs most hilariously. Justice Williams gave him 30 days.

RUSH: Herbert J. Truesdell, formerly of Rush, died at the State Hospital in Binghamton on Wednesday. He had been confined to that institution for the past year and was 52 years of age. Truesdell was in the famous prosecutions against George E. Green, Broome county’s Senator, a couple of years ago, he being one of the main witnesses in the celebrated case that involved the sale of time recording clocks to the government and a mixture of graft and blackmail that held the attention of the people of a large section of the country, especially in this section, during the week of the trial in Washington. Truesdell was a man of considerable wealth at one time owning one of the best and most improved farms in the county, but his money slipped through his fingers toward the last and the farm was sold to satisfy his creditors. He was possessed of a keen, bright intellect and pleasing personality.

FOREST CITY: The Farmers And Miners National bank of this place opened for business yesterday. Thirty thousand dollars was received in deposits during the day. During the afternoon the Forest City band rendered a concert in front of the banking house. A large number of people inspected the new business place and the handsome fixtures and furniture received a good deal of attention.

NEWS BRIEF: The Pennsylvania state automobile tags for 1909 will be white with black letters, instead of yellow with black letters, as now in use. The tags will be ready in December. This year the sales of automobile license tags were almost 24,000, yielding over $70,000. The bulk of this money is used for road work, such as experiments with dust layers, engineering and other expenses, after deducting the cost of the division in charge of licenses.

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From the Desk of the D.A.
By District Attorney Jason J. Legg

I received an email request from a reader to explain the use of cellular phone data by law enforcement. In particular, the reader was wondering how easy it was for law enforcement to access private cellular phone information such as phone records and calling locations. The reader stated that she heard of an instance where a husband was searching for his missing wife, but was unable to access her cellular phone information due to privacy constraints. In the end, the reader wanted to know if there was anything that a cellular phone user could do to make sure records were released to law enforcement in those circumstances.

At this point, there is no clear answer to this issue, as the federal and state courts are still wrestling with the privacy interests that are implicated by access to cellular phone records. Recently, a federal court here in Pennsylvania considered the ability of law enforcement to obtain cellular phone records without consent of the user. Federal Judge Lisa Lenihan considered the historic development of telephone records generally, and the standards that have been applied to the availability of those records to law enforcement.

First, there is a question of pen registers, i.e., the listings of the numbers that have been dialed from the telephone. At this point, it is well established that a person does not have an expectation of privacy in the numbers dialed from his or her phone. In other words, there is no constitutional protection from the disclosure of your pen register to law enforcement. When the courts determined that there was no constitutional protection, Congress stepped into the fray and enacted some statutory protection. Even with these protections, generally speaking, law enforcement can obtain a pen register through the use of a subpoena – a relatively easy and simply process.

Prior to cellular phones, a pen register was all that was necessary – location was never an issue, as everyone knew where the telephone was located. With cellular phones, location now may become a bigger issue – and the ability to track and identify where the caller is located can have tremendous evidentiary value in a criminal case or assistance in an emergency. As noted, the courts still have not sorted out how much of a privacy expectation we have in the release of such information to law enforcement. There is authority, however, that limits the ability of the government to “track” people, such as placing a tracking device on someone’s car without consent or a warrant. The use of a cellular phone as a tracking device would be a similar proposition – albeit the tracking would be occurring with the user’s knowledge, i.e., the user purchased the phone and knows that everything is being recorded.

Based upon this case law and statutory authority, Judge Lenihan determined that such “location” information cannot be provided to law enforcement in the absence of a search warrant supported by probable cause or consent of the user. Other courts, however, have determined that such location information may be released without probable cause, provided there is some reasonable need for the information. This issue will need to be addressed by the United States Supreme Court at some point. Until then, there will continue to be a difference of opinion and uncertainty in the courts.

As to the reader’s question of release of information to find a missing person, the statutory authority specifically provides that such “location” information may be released to emergency service providers in the event of an emergency situation. The problem becomes knowing that it is an emergency, as opposed to the person simply not wanting to be found. The information may also be released upon consent of the user. Obviously, if the user is missing, he or she cannot give consent. I do not know whether the cellular phone companies have authorization forms that would allow you to designate someone else to give such consent. A call to your cellular provider would probably provide the answer to this question. If you are really concerned about it, you could have an attorney prepare a power of attorney for you that authorizes someone to consent to release your cellular phone records if necessary. Without the prior consent, law enforcement may have difficulty getting those records.

Please submit any questions, concerns, or comments to Susquehanna County District Attorney’s Office, P.O. Box 218, Montrose, Pennsylvania 18801 or at our website www.SusquehannaCounty-DA.org or discuss this and all articles at http://dadesk.blogspot.com/.

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The Healthy Geezer
By Fred Cicetti

Q. I’ve been working on my cholesterol, but I can’t get my HDL number to go up much. Any ideas?

First some background.

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance in blood. Most cholesterol is made by your liver, but you also get cholesterol from foods. Too much cholesterol is dangerous, because cholesterol can lead to blockages in your blood vessels.

Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) deliver cholesterol to the body. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) remove cholesterol from the bloodstream.

If there is too much LDL in the blood, it will combine with other material in your bloodstream to manufacture a waxy crud that builds up on the inner walls of the blood vessels that feed your brain and heart. If a clot forms in blood vessels narrowed by the crud, it can block blood flow, which can cause a heart attack or a stroke.

HDL should be at 60 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) or higher to cut the risk of heart disease. You’re at high risk for heart disease if you have a reading less than 40 mg/dL. Each 1-mg increase in HDL concentration is linked to a five percent decrease in the risk of death from coronary disease.

So how can you get that HDL number up? First, you can make lifestyle changes.

Smoking

Smoking lowers HDL cholesterol levels. Quitting smoking can raise your HDL cholesterol up to 10 percent.

Food

Cholesterol is in all foods from animals, so reduce your intake of meat, eggs and dairy products.

Increase your intake of monounsaturated fats such as canola oil, avocado oil or olive oil.

Consume soluble fibers that are in oats, fruits, vegetables and legumes.

Cranberry juice has been shown to increase HDL levels. Fish and other foods containing omega-3 fatty acids can also increase HDL levels.

Cakes, cookies and highly processed cereals and breads are foods that can lower your HDL and raise the levels of another fat in your bloodstream, triglycerides.

Exercise

Frequent exercise that raises your heart rate can increase HDL by about five percent.

Weight

For every two pounds you lose, your HDL may rise by 0.35 mg/dL.

Alcohol

Some studies have linked drinking alcohol in moderation to higher levels of HDL.

Medicine

Drug therapy for raising HDL cholesterol levels has, so far, been less successful than for reducing LDL cholesterol.

Of all the medications, niacin is the most effective in increasing HDL. Niacin, which is also known as vitamin B3 or nicotinic acid, can raise your HDL by up to 35 percent.

When niacin is used to increase your HDL cholesterol, it is sold in higher doses than when it is in an over-the-counter preparation such as a multivitamin.

Niacin seems to work better when used in combination with statins that are used to lower your LDL. In fact, when used with some statins, niacin can increase your HDL level by 50 percent or more, as well as reduce LDL levels more than when just statins are used. Trade names of statins commonly used today are Lipitor, Crestor, Mevacor and Zocor.

Some prescription medications such as Simcor combine statins and niacin. No research has shown that the combination drugs lower cholesterol more than taking niacin and a statin separately.

Fibrates, another category of medication, has the potential to boost your HDL by up to 20 percent. However, fibrates are not effective in lowering LDL. Two fibrates available in the United States are Lopid and Tricor.

Supplements

There is evidence that suggests possible benefits from plant sterols and omega-3 fatty acids. Don’t take supplements or any over-the-counter substance without discussing them with your doctor. This advice is especially important for seniors who are often taking several drugs.

If you have a question, please write to fred@healthygeezer.com.

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Straight From Starrucca
By Danielle Williams

No Straight From Starrucca This Week

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Veterans’ Corner

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What’s Bugging You?
By Stuart W. Slocum

Colorado potato beetle: a native pest

As the days shorten and the temperature cools, insect activity wanes, and it becomes more difficult to find active insects to write about. One insect still moving about in the search for suitable winter quarters is the despised Colorado potato beetle.

The Colorado potato beetle in its larva stage.

Familiar to most gardeners, the Colorado potato beetle is one pest that, surprisingly, is native to North America. It has been misnamed, since it actually originated in Mexico and spread eastward from Nebraska, not Colorado. It was first discovered by early western pioneers who found it feeding upon a common weed called buffalo bur. However, when these pioneers started planting crops, the beetles modified their appetites to include those domesticated plants, especially the potatoes. By 1874, the beetles had hopped from potato patch to potato patch until they reached the East Coast. The Colorado potato beetle is now distributed throughout North America, with the exception of some portions of Florida, Nevada, California and eastern Canada. The beetle has also inadvertently been introduced into Europe, where it is also a serious potato pest.

The Colorado potato beetle in its adult stage.

The adult beetles are about three-eighths inches in length. They are pale yellow in color and oval in shape. As their scientific name Leptinotarsa decemelineata implies, they have 10 black stripes running down along their backs.

Unchecked, these beetles are capable of total defoliation of a potato field. They also will feed on tomato, eggplant, and pepper plants. Such weeds as jimson, henbane, horse nettle, mullein, nightshade, and thistle are also victim to the potato beetle’s appetite.

The adult beetles overwinter below the soil surface near the plants that they had infested the previous fall. The depth of their location varies with soil conditions and local temperatures. If the soil is shallow and the insulating winter snow cover is inadequate, there can be substantial mortality to the beetles, since they cannot withstand temperatures below 10 degrees F.

When the spring sun sufficiently warms them, the adults emerge. Capable of flying a moderate distance, the adults disperse and search for an appropriate host plant where they mate. The female deposits a cluster of yellow-orange eggs on the underside of a leaf. Each cluster contains 20 to 30 eggs, with multiple clusters being deposited over a 4 to 5 week time period. In total, a single female may lay as many as 500 eggs. Depending on the weather conditions, the eggs will hatch in 4 to 10 days. The larvae tend to stay together in groups on the host plants. The red and black larvae immediately begin feeding on the host plant foliage. These larvae are humpbacked, with two lateral rows of black spots along each side. After 2 to 3 weeks of continuous feeding, and after 4 molts, the larvae drop from the host plant and dig small chambers in the nearby soil. Here they pupate for the next 3 to 10 days. Upon emerging, the adults migrate to another suitable host plant and continue to feed until cold weather. In our northern climate, there is normally only 1 generation per year.

Since it is such a serious pest of a very important food crop, the Colorado potato beetle has been extensively studied. They are especially destructive, since both the adults and the larvae feed on the same menu of plants. The adults feed along the leaf edges, leaving distinctive notches, while the larvae nibble jagged edges and deposit waste along the leaves that they feed upon.

One of the most effective non-chemical controls of these beetles is crop rotation. The further potatoes can be planted from last year’s site, the fewer the beetle problems. Plastic-lined trenches around a potato patch can be effective in preventing the adults from reaching and climbing onto the plants. Mulching the plants with straw appears to serve a dual function in reduction of the beetles. Not only does it appear to inhibit the emerging beetles from climbing from the soil up the plant stems, but it also provides a habitat that attracts such natural predators as ground beetles, ladybug larvae, stinkbugs and green lacewings. These natural enemies consume many of the beetles. There are also several species of parasitory wasps that infect the potato beetle larvae. In small areas, early hand picking of the adults is very effective. Frequent picking, and dropping the adults into a small container of water and detergent, may be the only control necessary. There is also a Bt–based product available for Colorado potato beetle control. To be effective, this must be applied at the time when the larvae first emerge. Genetically engineered varieties of potatoes containing Bt resistance have also been developed.

Chemical means of control should be limited to a major outbreak of the pest. The Colorado potato beetle has already gained significant resistance to most of the pesticides commonly used to control them. Late season application of such chemicals should especially be avoided, since they are generally not effective and contribute significantly to the further development of the beetles’ resistance to these insecticides.

Questions, comments and suggestions regarding this article, identifications or any other insect-related matters are welcome. Please email them to bugman95@gmail.com.

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Food For Thought
By Lauretta L. Clowes DC

No Food For Thought This Week

EARTH TALK
From the Editors of E/The Environmental Magazine

No Earth Talk This Week

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Barnes-Kasson Corner
By Cara Sepcoski

Breast Cancer Awareness Week

October 12 – 18

Barnes-Kasson Hospital is celebrating National Breast Cancer Awareness Week during October 12 – 18. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in one or both of the breasts. Breast cancer usually develops in the milk-producing areas of the breast, which are medically referred to as the ducts or lobules.

There are multiple forms of breast cancer, which can be broken down into two main categories. They are noninvasive and invasive. Noninvasive breast cancers are confined to the ducts or the lobules, and they have not spread to surrounding tissues, while invasive cancers spread into the surrounding tissues.

Like most cancers, breast cancer consists of various stages. At stage zero, the cancer is confined to the ducts or the lobules, depending on where it started. At this stage, the cancer has not gone into the tissues of the breast and it has not yet spread to any of the body’s organs. By stage 4, the cancer has spread to the tissues of the breast as well as other parts of the body.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in the United States. About 40,460 women will die from the disease this year in America. Right now, there are slightly over 2 million women living in the United States who have been treated for breast cancer.

To try and catch breast cancer early, remember to have a yearly mammography.

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