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Issue Home June 24, 2003 Site Home

Slices Of Life
100 Years Ago

Straight From Starrucca
Along the Way...With P. Jay
Joseph Smith's Susquehanna Years

Slices of Life

A Nearly Perfect Summer

I’m being invaded. You remember my old friends the granddaddy longlegs that nested in the hallway to the cellar. And you may recall how I carefully removed them in previous years lest I harm a creature. Well, they like my hospitality so much that they are back again this summer. I hadn’t noticed them until I started down the cellar stairs with my hands full of jars and garbage, and got hit smack in the face by their sticky webs.

"Oh, no. Not this year," I said. And having cleaned myself off, I headed for the broom. I brushed down every web, hoping I wasn’t squashing the granddaddy longlegs, but determined to get rid of them before I had hundreds. This method was much quicker than taking them out one by one in a Mason jar like I did before. We will see how long this purging lasts.

It seems that almost everyone is fighting the big black ants this summer. Too much damp weather maybe? Those I kill, one by one, as they appear on the kitchen counter, in the sink, crawling across the table, or on the bathroom floor. Just about anywhere you want to look, you will find one making a run for it. I feel heartless as I squish them in napkins and Kleenex, stomp them into the floor, flush them down the toilet and swat them with a fly swatter. But I will not be gentle, because I am determined that they are not going to take over my house.

What is interesting about this summer is that I haven’t seen many flies. Lots of carpenter bees outside my kitchen window, but only an occasional fly. That’s all right with me.

I was talking with a friend who is from roughly the same era and the same farm background as I. We were remembering methods of insect eradication when we were kids. The farmhouses would be over-run with flies because of the animals so close by. Out would come, not only the fly swatter and the flypaper ribbons, but also the handy pump sprayer, and the house would get doused with what was probably DDT! This was before Rachel Carson made the connection between poisonous sprays and dying birds. And the medical profession had not linked these household carcinogens to human diseases. We may still be reaping the benefits today.

But now we know, so for the most part, I steer clear of any poisonous remedies for my insect problems – inside and out.

What this summer has brought that thrills me no end is moderate temperatures and overcast skies. I love the rain because it gives me a perpetual excuse for not working in the garden.

The one day that I really needed a dry day, when we scheduled the church yard sale in the parking lot, God smiled on us and we had sun all day. Granted, we were not all prepared for sun, having not seen a lot of it this summer, and ended up redder than we might have liked, but it was a great day for a sale.

So, this morning as the rain drip, drip, drips outside my window, I’ll set about making the dozens of cookies I’m preparing for a 90th birthday celebration, I’ll keep my eyes open for an occasional black ant racing around the kitchen, and I’ll count my blessings. It’s a beautiful summer indeed.

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100 Years Ago

ARARAT: Mr. and Mrs. Fred Brooks sustained a serious loss Sunday night by the death of their horse, "Mateo." She got to the feed box Saturday night and ate an unknown quantity of corn meal. She was buried Monday on the farm where she has served so faithfully.

JACKSON: The following teachers have been hired for the Jackson schools: Graded, F. N. Tingley, principal; Alice Griffis, primary; No. 1; Blanche Hall; French, Abbie Thomas; Ridge, Odesa Arnold; Lake View, Mabel Tucker.

BIRCHARDVILLE: Isaac Duel, an aged citizen of this place, died June 19, 1903, aged 85 years. Besides the lonely and aged widow, Mr. Duel leaves one son, Ira, who resides in Illinois, and one daughter, Mrs. Nathan Miller, of this place; his eldest daughter, Mrs. Ira Brister, having gone before. The funeral services were held at the Baptist church at that place, Monday, June 22nd. Rev. W. C. Tilden, officiating.

HALLSTEAD/GREAT BEND: Hallstead and Great Bend have organized a driving association to be known as the Hallstead and Great Bend Driving Association. The following gentlemen were elected to office: President, John E. Clune; Vice President, J. W. Cleveland; Secretary, Charles L. Cook; Treasurer, W. J. Day; Trustees, F. J. Fiske, F. M. Nowell, Franklin Lusk. The old racetrack, which was known as the fastest track between New York and Buffalo, has been leased and the work of getting it in readiness for races on the Fourth has been begun.

SPRINGVILLE: Allie Lyman has a good washing machine and a Chase organ, both as good as new to sell cheap. Call at Mrs. L. Barnes' and examine. AND: The Dentist from Tunkhannock, who comes here every Saturday, has all he can do when [he] is here at the home of Edgar Ely.

HOPBOTTOM: Hopbottom people are arranging for a big time the 4th of July. A parade, music, speeches, a fine dinner, ice cream, games, fire-works and a band are expected to add to the pleasures of the day. Anyone looking for a place to go the 4th will be assured a pleasant time and entertainment.

GLENWOOD: Sterling Watson, a life-long resident of Lenox, died Friday morning, June 19, 1903, aged 86 years. He lived alone during all those years and was very conscientious in all his dealings with his fellow men, never saying a harmful word of anyone, generous to a fault; forgiving any slight of wrong done to him. He leaves one sister and several nephews and nieces to mourn their loss. His creed was spiritualism; he had a right to his own belief and who shall say him nay. He was buried in the Tower cemetery, Sunday afternoon.

SHANNON HILL, Auburn Twp.: Elmer Shannon and wife presented to the church two very handsome contribution plates. They were made by J. J. Sherwood, of Meshoppen, and are very fine pieces of wood turning.

FAIRDALE: The ladies of Fairdale will hold their annual strawberry and ice cream festival on the evening of July 3rd, in the tent in front of the M. E. church. All are cordially invited.

SUSQUEHANNA: Three locomotives, rebuilt in the Erie shops, are being given trial trips. AND: Susquehanna has but two cases of smallpox-George Sandel and Mrs. Nicholas Brandow, of South Pine St. The first case E. N. French, has recovered. The strictest quarantine is manifested.

LANESBORO: According to State Health Officer, Dr. Gross, of Philadelphia, who is inspecting the towns hereabouts, Lanesboro and immediate vicinity, has 26 cases of smallpox including the convalescents. All possible means will be taken to prevent the further spread of the disease.

SOUTH GIBSON: On Saturday, June 13, occurred the wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Howell, and the day was fittingly observed by the gathering of their children and grandchildren at their home in this place. Dinner was served to about 30. As this is an annual meeting of this family, it brings and leaves memories to brighten the year for this aged father and mother.

SOUTH MONTROSE: The recent copious rains have thoroughly soaked the ground, and vegetation is very promising. AND: Our "Village Blacksmith," Mr. Loren Allen, after having followed his chosen vocation over half a century, is still hale and hearty and always ready to do your work on short notice.

FRANKLIN FORKS: The mush and milk social held at Melvin McKinney's on Tuesday night of last week, was of much amusement for the young people who attended it.

SPRINGVILLE: R. E. McMicken has been busy setting up the cigars since Wednesday, because of the new wife installed at his home.

MONTROSE: While sitting on the iron fence rail, which divides Sprout & Brewster's restaurant from Cooley & Son's property, on South Main Street, last Sunday evening, Bruce D. Titman and Ennis Birch lost their balance and fell backwards in the hatchway below-a distance of nearly nine feet. When Bruce found that there was no possible chance of saving himself, he attempted to push Ennis back again on the landing, but it was too late. Bruce struck on a ladder, which was stored in the hatchway, and Ennis fell with great force upon him. Ennis released himself easily, and a bad gash was found in the back of his head, and his right arm, from shoulder to wrist was a mass of bruises. He was taken home and his wounds attended to. After some difficulty, Bruce was removed to Dr. Mackey's office, where he was made to feel as comfortable as possible. His right hip was badly injured, (although no bones were broken) and he received a hard bump on his head. Later in the evening he was removed on a cot bed to his parents' home, where he is improving nicely. It was a close call for both the young men, and quite remarkable that no bones were broken.

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Did you know that on April 10, 1876, the village of Thompson Centre became a borough?

The first election was held in the house occupied by William J. Olver. Giles L. Lewis acted as Judge and Daniel Wrighter and James H. Fister were inspectors.

Town ordinances of 1909:

There shall be no public service or church funeral for any person who has died from these diseases (of which several were listed).

Pupils must be vaccinated within seven years in order to attend school.

Any person found intoxicated within the boro limits shall be arrested by the police and carried (him or her) to the lockup.

Persons are prohibited from bathing nude in the boro between the hours of 6 a.m. and 9 p.m. (So beware, nudists!)

No person shall obstruct any sidewalk in said boro with boxes, carts, baskets, etc.

No milk which has been watered or changed from its original condition shall be brought into the boro for sale.

No pig pen shall be maintained within the boro without a permit or within 100 feet of any water well.

The keepers of a stable shall keep their stable clean and not permit no more than five wagon-loads of manure to accumulate at any time.

The slaughtering of any animal within the boro is prohibited.

It is prohibited to walk your duck or goose without a leash.

It is prohibited to put any stallion or jack to a mare within the boro, in any place other than a barn, behind closed doors.

All dogs found running unmuzzled shall be considered a public nuisance and shall be killed by any police officer of the boro, who shall be allowed a fee of 50 cents, payable by the owner of said dog.

All graves must be at least six feet deep. No body shall be exhumed and removed between May and October, and no one dead from smallpox shall ever be exhumed.

No ball playing on public streets, lanes or alleys, under a penalty of one dollar or not exceeding $10 for each offense.

No riding bicycles, etc., at a greater speed of eight miles per hour. Must have a bell on vehicle. Failing to ring bell when crossing streets will result in a two to ten dollar fine.

Other notes: Thompson Boro Power Co. provided the town with electricity during the years 1927-1935. 1933 - the town received fire hydrants. 1941 - owners pay tax on their properties and occupation within the boro. 1945-1951 - the boro received electric street lights. 1952 - town sidewalks were put in. 1958-1961 - NEPA Telephone Co. provides telephone service.

JEALOUSLY is a Terrible Thing – A few weeks ago, I publicized the "outstanding feats" of one Ron Griffis, such as bowling, baseball, softball. Recently, he was inducted in the Triple Cities (NY) Bowling Hall of Fame for his outstanding feats in the sport. Mr. Griffis has informed me that several of his "supposedly" good friends have taken umbrage (resentment) to his accolades in the County Transcript’s "NewsBeat" column. I also was stopped on the street and was asked, "How much does Mr. Griffis pay you to publicize his feats?" I just ignored the man. Mr. Griffis asked me not to print the names of his "jealous friends." But he didn’t say anything about not printing their initials. So here goes: (I believe) - J. G. - E. G. - W. S. - B. P. –and no doubt others. (As Ron said in his letter to me, "It will take more than my friends(?) to beat the team of Parrillo, Griffis and the County Transcript.")

IT WOULD HAVE BEEN NICE – If Laurel Hill Academy could have been included in the Scranton Catholic Light’s announcements: "Congratulations! Catholic High School Graduates of 2003." The paper went on to list the names of all the graduates of the Catholic schools in the diocese and had the photos of many students. Yes (to me, anyway), it would have been nice to see the name of Laurel Hill Academy listed and photos of its students. (It could have happened – but that (now) is a long story.)

WOW! MY YANKEES set a record – of sorts, on Wednesday, June 11, 2003 as they were no-hitted with no-runs by six Houston pitchers. The six pitchers struck out 13 Yankees, with one Houston pitcher KO-ing four Yankees in one inning, as Octavio Dotel struck out Posada, who reached on a passed ball, but struck out the other three batters for a four KO inning. (How terrible!) The record pitchers were: Roy Oswals, Pete Munro, Kirk Saarloos, Brad Lidge (the winning pitcher), Octavio Dotel and Billy Wagner, who served up 100 mile an hour fast balls in the ninth inning. (Our only consolation is the fact that it took six pitchers to no-hit, no-run the Yanks; just one pitcher could never do it. Isn’t that right, George Wilcox?)

WELCOME BACK, P. JAY – It was/is great that P. Jay Amadio has recovered enough from his illness to resume his column. May he continue to do so and recover completely from his illness. (You just can’t keep a good columnist down.)

GENERIC DRUGS May Soon Be Back – New rules have been established by Washington to hurry generic drugs to market by making it harder for the makers of brand name items to block the competition. The change is to take effective August 18.

STAY IN PENNSYLVANIA – Saw a letter in a New York State paper urging New York State’rs to stay in their state and absorb the new 8% tax on clothing and not to go to Pennsylvania to save the tax. So, let’s urge all Pennsylvanians to shop in Pennsylvania only.

SO (sometimes) WE SEEM to think we have it bad – Sisters Lalch and Ladan Bijani (twins) who have spent every moment of their lives joined at the head – 26 years – are scheduled to have an operation next month to be separated. The girls, who live in Singapore, are "looking" forward to seeing each other’s faces, without using mirrors. This will be the second time that surgeons will attempt such an operation. A successful operation was performed in 1952.

QUESTION IN THE MAIL – Can a designated hitter (baseball) bat for any other player than the pitcher? (I don’t think so, but I’m not sure.)

SUSQUEHANNA "gonna look pretty" – After some hard paperwork by several local and county people, work has been going on in the boro for several weeks and it’s beginning to "look great." The workers have taken care of many needed items between Broad Avenue and Main Street and currently are in the process of upgrading our sidewalks. (So, please, motorists be careful and obey the traffic signs – go slow or stop – you are not held up too long.)

A CORRECT ANSWER – In regard to the quiz, "Can a pitcher win a game without throwing a pitch to the batter?" A correct answer was submitted by Bill Marshall of New Milford. (Thank you, Bill.)

Top of the ninth, score tied, two out, man on base. Relief pitcher comes in, picks runner off base for the third out before he pitches to home. Home team scores in the bottom of the ninth. Game over. Relief pitcher gets the win.

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Straight From Starrucca

A week ago Sunday I spent some time with the sisters, and I was in the barn to see their new acquisition. They are slowly beginning to lay a foundation so that they will become self-sufficient; they now have their first cow. The cow is of a breed called "Dexter." It’s registered name is Irish-Piedmont, four years old, and was brought all the way from Somerset County by an Amish farmer and his son. The cow is all black, except for one tiny, white spot on its leg. She is named Lilly and is to deliver a calf in August.

The cow shares one part of the shed with one rooster and nine hens, one of which lays colored eggs. The hens lay nine eggs a day, and as they gathered the eggs I saw a green one; one of the sisters said it lays rainbow colored ones regularly. They have one hen that the others pick on, so the sisters, amid squawking and flying feathers, gather up the poor hen in their arms and cuddle it and smooth its feathers. The nuns are delightful folk to know, and so loving to all their animals. Three rabbits also share the space.

I was amused when they said, "I don’t think our dog is Irish because he doesn’t like potatoes." Also, the dog likes women’s voices and cow, men’s.

The sisters had Mr. Miller disc up some pasture land so they could have a large garden, but the rain has turned the area into a swamp.

Does anyone know where the sisters can find a baby Jenny? If so, call 727–3341 and ask for Sister Therez. They are anxiously awaiting to add one to their livestock.

Pastor John Grove, Jane and granddaughter, Carrie have returned safely from a two-week vacation, which took them to Tatum, Texas for the graduation of their granddaughter, Erin; she will be going to Tyler Texas Junior College on a music scholarship. Then, back across the country to Williamsport for the graduation of grandson, Nicholas who has a baseball scholarship for Nazareth College in Spartanburg, SC. Pastor said it was a lovely vacation, with weather cooperating nicely.


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Along the Way...With P. Jay

Some Food For Thought Democrats Uniting?

Don’t look now, folks, but the two gals who came out of the Democrat Primary Elections as the party’s nominees for county commissioner have joined forces. Kathy Shelly and MaryAnn Warren believe they have enough talent between them to lure Republicans into looking at the other column come November.

Of course, the first stumbling block in the path of the Shelly/Warren team, is to convince Democrat Party party leaders to rally around them. That isn’t going to be easy. Until the May primaries, Commissioner Cal Dean was regarded by many Democrats as the titular head of the party. After the pasting he took in the primaries, his stock went down considerably among rank and file Democrats. But the so-called party leaders are still smarting over Dean’s loss and are reluctant to turn the other cheek.

Dean himself is still bitter. I am told that he complained at the last meeting of the party’s executive committee because the committee indicated it would contribute $500 to the Shelly/Warren team. Dean reportedly said the committee did not offer him any money when he was a freshman candidate eight years ago. However, Joe Plonski, former county chairman, said the committee had actually offered Dean $1,500 if he would pair up with Rick Ainey, the other Democrat candidate for county commissioner and Dean refused.

And just how far does the Democrat Executive Committee think that $500 will take the Shelly/Warren team? It won’t even pay for their campaign signs. Surely there must be more in the party coffers than $500. The annual steak bake takes in more than that and the party should get a few shekels from the State Democratic Committee.

As for Cal Dean, instead of being bitter, he should be thankful. The Democrats gave him two terms which is all he needed to secure a lifetime county pension when he reaches qualification age. The Democrats gave him two terms which, in turn, will reward him with lifetime health insurance. And when he completes his eight years in office come Dec. 31, he will have been paid more than $300,000 for a part-time position as county commissioner, thanks to the Democrats.

* * * * * * * *

DA-elect is Doing Alright

District Attorney-elect Jason Legg is shoring up his office big time. Legg will name Marion O’Malley as his first assistant DA, a position not unfamiliar to O’Malley. She has served admirably in that seat before and certainly will do so again.

Marion has been on the other end of the spectrum, having served as a public defender in the county. She also served as a solicitor in Children and Youth Services, which means Legg gets an assistant who brings a lot of legal know-how to the table.

* * * * * * * *

And In Forest City…

The Forest City Regional Board of Education has a few loose ends to attend to before the school district is ready to move into the new semester in September. And so, the board will hold a special meeting on Monday, June 30 at 7 p.m.

One of the items that will need to be addressed is naming a replacement for Leroy Rotherforth, who resigned as transportation coordinator earlier this month. Then, too, a decision must be reached on Director Fred Garm’s request that the school district contribute to the county library system.

* * * * * *

Republicans Want To Keep Burman

It would take a change in the bylaws, but I am told that some members of the Susquehanna County Republican Committee are willing to do just that in order to keep Ivan Burman as county chairman.

Burman devotes more time to Republican politics than any previous chairman I have seen in the past 30 years. But the bylaws say he must step down after he completes this, his second term as chairman. Susquehanna County has always been a Republican county but nothing has focused more attention on this GOP stronghold than Burman’s annual fund raiser for Congressman Don Sherwood.

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Joseph Smith’s Susquehanna Years

EDITOR’S NOTE: This is the second part in a series on the life of Joseph Smith in relation to our area. The County Transcript has received permission from the author, Larry C. Porter to reproduce any part or part in celebration of Susquehanna’s Sesquicentennial (150 year) celebration.

Receiving the Gold Plates

According to earlier divine instruction, Joseph was to receive the plates from the angel Moroni that very autumn. Emma, clad in her riding dress, was positioned at the base of the Hill Cumorah three miles southeast of the Smith farm in Manchester Township with the horse and wagon sometime after midnight on 22 September 1827. Joseph climbed the hill to the place where the plates lay secreted and there received careful instruction from the angel for their preservation. Having secured the ancient record, Joseph chose to hide the plates at a certain location in the woods as a precautionary measure. The couple then returned to the house and were met with expectant inquiries from not only Smith family members but also two house guests - Josiah Stowell and Joseph Knight Sr. These two men had come on a three-day visit, so anxious were they about the outcome of Joseph’s session with the angel.

Following repeated attempts to steal the plates and constant threats of bodily harm to the Prophet by local antagonists, Emma’s brother Alva was summoned. He came from Harmony in his wagon to take the couple to the comparative safety of Susquehanna County and the Hale home. But even in Harmony problems began to surface with Isaac Hale himself. When shown the box in which the gold plates had been placed, Isaac said that he "was allowed to feel the weight of the box" but he was not permitted to see the plates. He then declared to Joseph "if there was any thing in my house of that description, which I could not be allowed to see, he must take it away." Joseph was under a strict charge not to divulge the contents of the box to Isaac or anyone else. This difficult situation was alleviated when Isaac sold the Prophet 13 acres of land a short distance away. A house formerly belonging to Emma’s brother Jesse was then moved onto the property for their use.

Translating the Plates

A house of his own provided Joseph with added freedom of access to the gold plates. It was there that he was enabled to prepare the transcript of characters and their accompanying definitions which Martin Harris took to learned men in eastern New York during February 1828. The transcript was shown to the Honorable Luther Bradish at Albany and Doctors Samuel Latham Mitchill and Charles Anthon in New York City, thus fulfilling the prophecy in Isaiah, chapter 29. With Martin acting as scribe, 116 pages of transcript were prepared between 12 April and 14 June 1828. After repeated requests from Martin Harris and after the Prophet’s persistent importuning of the Lord on his behalf, Martin was allowed to take the manuscript to his Palmyra home in order to satisfy the many inquiries of a skeptical Harris family.

The day following the departure of Martin for Palmyra, Emma gave birth to their first child. The little one, identified as Alvin in the family Bible, did not survive his birth. The simple inscription on his slate headstone merely stated, "In Memory of An Infant Son of Joseph And Emma Smith, June 15th 1828." He joined his little two-year-old cousin, Nancy Hale, daughter of Jesse, who had died that same year on 29 January. This was a most difficult season on the Susquehanna. Emma lay near death’s door for weeks. The sleepless ministrations of Joseph and exhaustive efforts of her mother, Elizabeth, gradually nurtured Emma back to health.

The Prophet then made a hurried trip to Manchester to ascertain why Martin had been delayed beyond the agreed time. On discovering what turned out to be the irretrievable loss of the 116-page manuscript through Martin’s broken covenants, the Prophet was devastated. His soul-wrenching anguish was witnessed by his mother, who said, "He wept and groaned, and walked the floor continually." Upon his return to Harmony, the Prophet was severely chastised by the Lord for having "feared man more than God." Following this strong rebuke, Moroni took from him the gold plates and the Urim and Thummim for a season.

Father and Mother Smith Visit Harmony

Not hearing from their son for nearly two months, and worried at his state of mind when last seen, Father and Mother Smith traveled to Harmony and spent more than three months there during the winter of 1828-29. Lucy recalled the joy which they experienced when they learned that the plates and the Urim and Thummim had been restored to their son on 22 September 1828. She also recorded a choice expression exchanged between Moroni and Joseph at the moment of return. The Prophet told his mother that "the angel seemed pleased with me when he gave me back the Urim and Thummim, and told me that the Lord loved me, for my faithfulness and humility." After all the agony experienced following the loss of the manuscript, it was important to the Prophet to know that the Lord continued to love His servant. On their visit Father and Mother Smith became better acquainted with their in-laws, the Hales, whom Lucy described as being "an intelligent and highly respectable family. They were pleasantly situated, and lived in good style."

Joseph Smith Sr. requested that his son inquire of the Lord as to what he might do to qualify himself for the work of the kingdom. Doctrine and Covenants 4 was the resultant revelation, which became a personal guide to that grand patriarch and to countless others across the years. He was instructed that those who would "embark in the service of God" must possess certain godly attributes, among which "faith, hope, charity and love, with an eye single to the glory of God, qualify him for the work.

"Remember faith, virtue, knowledge, temperance, patience, brotherly kindness, godliness, charity, humility, diligence.

"Ask, and ye shall receive; knock, and it shall be opened unto you."

Fifteen revelations as contained in the Doctrine and Covenants would ultimately be given for the guidance of the formative Church from the little two-story frame house of Joseph and Emma in the "great bend."

Oliver Cowdery Becomes Scribe

Martin Harris was no longer allowed to act as scribe, which required finding another to perform that labor. The Prophet said that his brother Samuel and Emma gave some limited service to fill the void. Emma mentioned that her brother Reuben Hale helped. But the consistency of a permanent scribe was needed. The Prophet lamented that he was virtually without means and "had become reduced in property and had not where to go, and I cried unto the Lord that he would provide for me to accomplish the work whereunto he had commanded me."

His supplication was heard, for Oliver Cowdery, a schoolteacher in Manchester District 11, was given a heavenly manifestation of the validity of the work while boarding at the Joseph Smith Sr. home. The Prophet recorded, "The Lord appeared unto a young man by the name of Oliver Cowdery and showed unto him the plates in a vision and also the truth of the work and what the Lord was about to do through me, his unworthy servant; therefore, he was desirous to come and write for me." Oliver then made arrangements to accompany the Prophet’s brother Samuel, who was on his way to Harmony in the forepart of April 1829. Oliver said to Joseph’s parents, "I have now resolved what I will do for the thing which I told you seems working in my very bones insomuch that I cannot for a moment get rid of it." The pair went by way of Oliver’s friend’s place, David Whitmer’s home in Fayette, New York, and arrived in Harmony on 5 April 1829. Oliver was fully satisfied that his assistance as scribe was a direct call from the Lord and commenced his labors with Joseph on 7 April.

The Lord not only furnished a scribe but also provided for the physical necessities of the Prophet and his household. On more than one occasion the Joseph Knight Sr. family came to the aid of the Prophet in times of want. While returning from a business trip to Catskill, Joseph Knight related: "I bought a barrel of mackerel and some lined paper for writing. And when I came home I bought some nine or ten bushels of grain and five or six bushels [of] taters [potatoes], and... I went down to see him and they were in want. Joseph and Oliver were gone to see if they could find a place to work for provisions, but found none. They returned home and found me there with provisions, and they were glad, for they were out... then they went to work and had provisions enough to last till the translation was done."

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