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Issue Home August 19, 2009 Site Home

100 Years Ago
From the Desk of the D.A.
The Healthy Geezer
Library Chitchat
Veterans’ Corner
What’s Bugging You?
Dear Dolly
Earth Talk
Barnes-Kasson Corner

100 Years Ago

EXCURSION VIA DL&W: To Atlantic City, Cape May, Ocean City, Sea Isle City or Wildwood, N.J. Tickets good going on all trains Aug. 21, 1909, returning up to and including Aug. 31. Fare for round trip $5.65 from Montrose and all stations Hallstead to Delaware, N.J. and Scranton, and Plymouth, PA.

NEW MILFORD: C. C. Kern has three nice cottages on the banks of East Lake. They are called “Laurel,” “Rest,” and “Kerndorf.” Last week there were 45 persons from Binghamton, among them three Lords, three Bishops and two St. Johns. Mr. Kern tells us he intends on building more cottages and why not, it is a beautiful lake and nearly surrounded with beautiful groves.

DIMOCK CAMPMEETING: The meetings on Dimock campground this year were of a high spiritual order, and while the attendance has not been as large as in some campmeetings of the past, the attendance was good. One incident bears reporting. During the past year, Draper Billings of Tunkhannock, who has been secretary of the association, had taken down the parsonage cottage built by the Skinners Eddy people, for the use of the pastor, and erected it on a vacant lot of his in Tunkhannock. The Skinners Eddy people knew nothing of this until they came to the campground and found the cottage gone. They were much excited, as it was one of the best on the grounds and was built by subscription and the Ladies’ Aid. The matter was brought before the association, and Mr. Billings claimed he had bought it for $50 of A. G. Overfield, treasurer of the association. A committee of three was appointed to see if a settlement could not be made with the Skinners Eddy people who claim it ought not to have been taken.

FRIENDSVILLE: Thomas A. Lee, formerly residing near Friendsville, and now of Endicott, was shot and killed by an Italian by the name of Michael Angelo, on a street car bound for Union. Angelo got into a wrangle with a passenger and drew a revolver. After a scuffle for the possession of the weapon, Angelo backed off the car and commenced shooting, firing four shots in rapid succession, and then escaping in the darkness. Young Lee, who had been attracted to the forward end of the car by the fracas, was standing on the running board and was struck by one of the bullets. Lee was carried into the car and as his condition was critical, the motorman was directed to start the car ahead and carry him to a physician. However Lee expired shortly thereafter. It is not believed that Angelo aimed at Lee, as Lee had no part in the altercation, being merely a spectator. Angelo is now in the Broome County jail.

FOREST CITY: M. J. Collins, of Olean, N.Y., a former resident of this place, in enclosing a remittance for the F. C. News says: “The News is always a welcome visitor to me, for I like to keep in touch with local happenings in the ‘old burg’ and should you ever decide to put on an ‘Old Home Week’ attraction it would give me great pleasure to spend a short time among you, renewing old acquaintances.”

HERRICK CENTER: The cheese factory at Tirzah, under its new officers (Al. Scott, manager; W. T. Davis, sec’y; D. J. Breese, treas., and Ernest Rodgers, cheese maker), is surpassing all former records for high prices received by its patrons. The price, after expense for manufacturing is taken out, for the month of April, 1909, was 31 cents; for the month of May, 30 cents; June, 31 cents and July, 32 cents per pound for butter fat.

RUSH: Byron McCauley, who is on the police force in New York City, was shaking hands with old friends in Rush on Wednesday. ALSO Dr. Jenkins will be in his dental office in the Stark block Aug. 26.

S. MONTROSE: The Lehigh Valley has appointed Ross Griffis station agent at this place. The company showed wisdom in this appointment, as Mr. Griffis is well qualified for the position. The traveling public will receive courteous treatment at the hands of Mr. Griffis. The freight traffic at this place exceeds that of any station on the Montrose branch.

MONTROSE: As in olden times, “all roads led to Rome,” so now all roads will for the next few days lead to Montrose and to the Montrose Bible Conference grounds. Both the auditorium and the dining hall are completed. The young ladies of the Winners’ Band have been encamped on the fair grounds all this week. The Conference program will open on Friday afternoon at 2:30. Dr. Torrey, who has been the principal speaker at the Huntington Beach Bible Conference in Southern California, is expected home this evening. Dr. J. Stuart Holden, of London, England, will speak every day. Arrangements have been made with the Wyalusing Auto Transit Co. to have a large 20 passenger automobile which will make regular scheduled runs from Public Avenue to the grounds.

CHOCONUT VALLEY: Daniel Ryan recently purchased a fine horse of Frank Clarke and we would judge Daniel was quite a favorite just now to see the sweet smiles the young ladies bestow upon him.

SUSQUEHANNA: C. R. Carrington has purchased the drug business heretofore carried on by A. P. French, located in the First National Bank.

NORTH JACKSON: The third in the series of ball games between the single and married men was played upon the farm of Harvey Page, resulting in a victory for the “boys.” Score 16 to 8.

SOUTH GIBSON: Just after 9 p.m., last Monday evening, an alarm of fire was sounded along the telephone lines and people rushed out of their houses when it was found that the old Holmes grist and sawmill was in flames. A large number of men, women and children were soon on the scene, but the flames had gained such headway that very little was saved. Evan Anthony purchased the mill of William Holmes some time ago and it was rented to Harry Gardner and Jesse Pickering. Both lost a large number of tools and machinery, with no insurance. Mr. Anthony held some insurance on the building and others lost their logs and lumber in the yard. Just how the mill caught fire is not positively known, as no one was working there that day except to grind an axe.

HOPBOTTOM: The Foster House is one of the most popular dining places between Scranton and Binghamton. On Saturday three automobile parties were registered. Among the guests were the following: J. B. Hadsell and wife, of Binghamton; J. B. Keefer and wife, of Scranton; C. G. Stephens and wife, Miss Blanche Hallstead, Frank Ruland, Hermon Johnson and James Lansdorf and party of friends, from Scranton.

SPRINGVILLE: It has developed that there are at least six people in town who are making frequent midnight visits to their neighbor’s wood piles. Some fine evening some of them will be badly in need of a doctor.

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From the Desk of the D.A.
By District Attorney Jason J. Legg

On August 20, 2007, at around 3:00 a.m., Officer Gary Ross was dispatched to the scene of a hit and run accident. Officer Ross received information from an eyewitness as to the description of the vehicle and direction that it had traveled. Officer Ross then set off in the direction the offending vehicle had traveled and discovered a stop sign that had been totally run over by a vehicle, and the vehicle had left muddy tire tracks on the road surface so as to indicate the direction of travel. Officer Ross did not observe any other evidence on the roadway as he traveled further, so he doubled back toward the accident scene. He decided to check an apartment complex that was just off the highway, and he discovered an apartment where the garage door was open, the lights were on, and a vehicle matching the description given by the eye witness was sitting in the garage. At this point, it was approximately 3:30 a.m.

Officer Ross then approached the vehicle and noticed that the garage had been set up more as a living room than a garage, i.e., there were several couches set up and one of those had ended up on the hood of the vehicle that was now parked there. Officer Ross noticed that the car’s engine was not running, but could hear a ticking sound coming from the engine. Officer Ross could also tell that there was damage to the front of the vehicle, but could not tell the extent of it from his vantage point outside the garage.

Officer Ross then walked to the front door of the residence and knocked several times. No one answered. Officer Ross then walked into the garage and knocked on the door that led into the residence from the garage, and again receive no answer. Officer Ross then attempted to look inside the vehicle, but could not see inside due to heavy window tinting. Office Ross then opened the driver’s door and immediately detected a strong odor of alcoholic beverage emitting from inside the vehicle. Shawn Fickes was passed out in the driver’s seat with an open bottle of vodka in the passenger’s seat.

Officer Ross was unable to communicate with the Fickes as he remained unresponsive until Officer Ross physically removed him from the vehicle. Officer Ross then placed Fickes under arrest for driving under the influence, and a blood test later revealed a BAC level of .179%. Officer Ross then filed a criminal complaint for DUI, and Fickes moved to suppress the evidence contending that his constitutional rights had been violated when Officer Ross entered his garage without a search warrant. Fickes lost his suppression motion and was convicted of DUI. He appealed.

The Superior Court recently considered the case - and had to make two determinations: (1) did Officer Ross have probable cause to believe that Fickes was the driver in the hit and run accident; and (2) did Officer Ross have exigent circumstances that would support his entry into the garage and car without a search warrant. As to the first question, the Superior Court concluded that there was ample probable cause to believe that Fickes was the motorist involved in the hit and run accident and that he was intoxicated when it occurred. The court looked at the totality of the evidence the officer had at his disposal - a hit and run accident in the early morning hours with no reasonable explanation as to why it had occurred, evidence demonstrated erratic driving on the roadways including the stop sign that had been run over, and viewing the car parked inside a garage that clearly had not been intended to house the motor vehicle. Based upon this evidence, the Superior Court concluded that any reasonable person would immediately believe that the driver was intoxicated.

Even if there was probable cause to believe that a DUI offense had occurred, Officer Ross did not have a search warrant to search the garage or the motor vehicle. In order to support his action, Officer Ross would need exigent circumstances, i.e., facts that demonstrated there were special circumstances that obviated the need for a search warrant. In considering these facts, the Superior Court stated: “When we weigh the Commonwealth’s interest in investigating and prosecuting DUI offenders against an individual’s right to be free of unreasonable intrusions, we conclude that under circumstances like those present in this case, when police officers have probable cause to believe that a person is driving under the influence and are in fresh pursuit of a DUI offender, that offender cannot escape arrest and prosecution by racing home and ensconcing himself in the constitutional protections normally accorded a person’s residence.” In other words, Officer Ross acted appropriately and the DUI conviction was affirmed.

Please submit any questions, concerns, or comments to Susquehanna County District Attorney’s Office, P.O. Box 218, Montrose, Pennsylvania 18801 or at our website or discuss this and all articles at

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The Healthy Geezer
By Fred Cicetti

Q. I saw a woman with what looked like a small tire around her neck. Do you know what that could be?

It could be a goiter, which is a benign enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a small gland made up of two halves that lie along the windpipe just below the voicebox.

When the thyroid can’t produce enough hormone to meet the body's needs, the gland compensates by enlarging. Iodine, a chemical element, is needed to produce thyroid hormone. Therefore, an iodine deficiency can lead to goiter and hypothyroidism - deficient activity of the thyroid.

The body does not make iodine, so you have to consume it. Iodized table salt is the primary food source of iodine.

The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for iodine in adults is 150 micrograms a day. A microgram is one-millionth of a gram. One teaspoon of iodized salt contains approximately 400 micrograms of iodine.

Seafood is naturally rich in iodine. A six-ounce portion of ocean fish provides 650 micrograms of iodine. Seaweed, a seafood vegetable, is a rich source of iodine. Dairy products also contain iodine. Other good sources are plants grown in iodine-rich soil. About half of the multivitamin formulas in the U.S. contain iodine - usually 150 micrograms.

Treatment of iodine deficiency by the introduction of iodized salt has almost eliminated goiter in the United States. However, about 40 percent of the world’s population is at risk for iodine deficiency.

Deficiency happens more often in women than in men, and is more common in pregnant women and older children. Getting enough iodine in the diet may prevent a form of physical and mental retardation called cretinism. Cretinism is very rare in the U.S. because iodine deficiency is generally not a problem.

A goiter can cause problematic symptoms such as difficulty breathing or swallowing. Treatment depends on the size of the goiter, your symptoms and the underlying cause.

The following are treatments for an enlarged thyroid:

If the goiter is small and doesn't cause problems, and the thyroid is functioning normally, your doctor may suggest waiting and observation.

Removing all or part of your thyroid gland surgically is an option if you have a large goiter that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing.

If you have hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone replacement will resolve the symptoms of hypothyroidism and often decrease the size of the goiter.

Radioactive iodine is used to shrink the thyroid. The radioactive iodine is taken orally and reaches your thyroid gland through your bloodstream.

Small doses of iodine solutions are often used.

A goiter may disappear on its own, or may become large. Occasionally, a goiter may become toxic and produce thyroid hormone on its own. This can cause high levels of thyroid hormone, a condition known as hyperthyroidism.

If you have a question, please write to

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Library Chitchat
By Flo Whittaker

Just when the weather finally makes us feel like the summer has begun, we realize that it is almost time to start school again. We trust that you and your children (or grandchildren) have made visits to the Library a regular part of your summertime activities.

The Library serves as an additional partner in your children’s education, whether your children’s learning takes place in formal educational settings or they are home schooled. The Library’s Outreach Department has special programs for homeschoolers at the main Library in Montrose during the school year. These programs are interdisciplinary in nature, focus on grades K-6, and are open to those who sign up in advance. There is also a swap shelf of educational materials available at the main library.

If you are new to home schooling, you may contact the Outreach Department to learn more about these programs. You can give them a call at (570) 278-1881 or you may check the home schooling section on the Library’s website at

An introduction to the Library does not begin or end with formal schooling. Registration for Story Hour at the Montrose Library for children ages 3 1/2 to 5 begins on August 17. Activities include listening to stories and making a take-home craft. Readers of all ages can participate in the “one county, one book” program this October. More details are at our website. The book selected for 2009 is Willa Cather’s 1918 novel of rural Nebraska, My Antonia. Remember Susquehanna County Library is your resource for lifetime learning.

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Veterans’ Corner

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What’s Bugging You?
By Stuart W. Slocum

No What's Bugging You This Week

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Dear Dolly,

Dear Dolly,

It's back to school shopping time. How do I get my child into school clothes that are stylish and age appropriate, and away from the trashy, tight and provocative look that is popular? -Liz

Dear Liz,

This is an argument that surely started back when the earth was thought to be flat! It's the generation gap that sets us up. Clothing is a young person’s first form of self expression. It's their passport into the perceived safety of peer acceptance. Our kids just want to fit in.

First step is to check out your child's closet. Have her try on everything and decide what she loves, still fits, and looks good. See what outfits can be put together and hang those back into her closet. Everything else goes into the donate or toss bags and into the trunk of your car.

Make a date with your daughter to go on a Fashion Fact Finding Mission. Take a day to see what is available in a variety of stores and what appeals to her budding sense of style. Let her try on everything and anything and take your digital camera along to record the results. The camera will give her the opportunity to really check out her look. Keep your comments positive and encouraging. Your suggestions and impute are important but should be friendly, not pushy. By the end of this day if you both know her sizes, what styles look good on her body type and what colors she likes, the day has been a success.

The next step is the actual shopping. Discuss budget and number of outfits needed ahead of time. Aim for three new outfits and an accessory that will update two outfits currently in her closet. It's a good idea to leave room for something new to be purchased after school has already started.

Making back to school shopping an important family affair when your child is young, will make your input a given and not an option. Older kids will need to have more input, but as the parent you, have the last say about what you will spend money on.

Dear Dolly,

Do you have any hints for back to school shopping on a very limited budget? -Sheri

Dear Sheri,

Shop your kids closets! Keep the clothes that fit. Donate or toss stained, ripped and non fitting items. Make up ready to wear outfits and hang them together on the same hanger. Make a list of what is needed to freshen up or change the look.

Think of mall shopping as the last resort. There are shopping opportunities every weekend in the form of yard sales and flea markets. You will find exceptional deals for the elementary school set especially, at yard sales. Smart families know that thrift stores are loaded with bargains everyday, and Wednesday is half price day at the Salvation Army Thrift Stores. (We have five in this area, Eynon, Honesdale, Scranton, River Street and Binghamton). Patient shoppers can pick up good quality, name brand basics: jeans, shirts, T's, blouses, skirts and shoes. People donate great items that no longer fit as well as merchandise that is new with the tags still attached.

This approach will take some getting use to but when you've gone through checkout, and you've just bought 4 pair of jeans, 5 shirts, a jacket and two sweaters for the price of what you bought one shirt for last year, it won't take long to get in the groove. If you're worried about resistance, start by adding the newly laundered and ironed item to the rest of the closet, without comment.

All Transcript readers are welcome to submit their questions to Dear Dolly at

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From the Editors of E/The Environmental Magazine

Dear EarthTalk: Is it true that military sonar exercises actually kill marine wildlife?

Unfortunately for many whales, dolphins and other marine life, the use of underwater sonar (short for sound navigation and ranging) can lead to injury and even death. Sonar systems - first developed by the U.S. Navy to detect enemy submarines - generate slow-rolling sound waves topping out at around 235 decibels; the world’s loudest rock bands top out at only 130. These sound waves can travel for hundreds of miles under water, and can retain an intensity of 140 decibels as far as 300 miles from their source.

These rolling walls of noise are no doubt too much for some marine wildlife. While little is known about any direct physiological effects of sonar waves on marine species, evidence shows that whales will swim hundreds of miles, rapidly change their depth (sometime leading to bleeding from the eyes and ears), and even beach themselves to get away from the sounds of sonar.

In January 2005, 34 whales of three different species became stranded and died along North Carolina’s Outer Banks during nearby offshore Navy sonar training. Other sad examples around the coast of the U.S. and elsewhere abound, notably in recent years with more sonar testing going on than ever before. According to the nonprofit Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), which has campaigned vigorously to ban use of the technology in waters rich in marine wildlife, recent cases of whale strandings likely represent a small fraction of sonar’s toll, given that severely injured animals rarely make it to shore.

In 2003, NRDC spearheaded a successful lawsuit against the Navy to restrict the use of low-frequency sonar off the coast of California. Two years later a coalition of green groups led by NRDC and including the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), the League for Coastal Protection, Cetacean Society International, and Ocean Futures Society upped the ante, asking the federal courts to also restrict testing of more intense, harmful and far ranging mid-frequency types of sonar off Southern California’s coastline.

In filing their brief, the groups cited Navy documents which estimated that such testing would kill some 170,000 marine mammals and cause permanent injury to more than 500 whales, not to mention temporary deafness for at least 8,000 others. Coalition lawyers argued that the Navy’s testing was in violation of the National Environmental Policy Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act and the Endangered Species Act.

Two lower courts upheld NRDC’s claims, but the Supreme Court ruled that the Navy should be allowed to continue the use of some mid-frequency sonar testing for the sake of national security. “The decision places marine mammals at greater risk of serious and needless harm,” says NRDC’s Joel Reynolds.

Environmental groups are still fighting the battle against the sonar, lobbying the government to curtail testing, at least during peacetime, or to at least ramp up testing gradually to give marine wildlife a better chance to flee affected areas. “The U.S. Navy could use a number of proven methods to avoid harming whales when testing mid-frequency sonar,” reports IFAW’s Fred O'Regan. “Protecting whales and preserving national security are not mutually exclusive.”


Dear EarthTalk: How does the microwave compare in energy use, say, to using a gas or electric stove burner to heat water for a cup of tea?

The short answer is that it depends upon several variables, including the price of electricity versus gas, and the relative efficiency of the appliances involved. Typically, though, a microwave would be slightly more efficient at heating water than the flame on a gas stove, and should use up a little less energy. The reason: The microwave’s heat waves are focused on the liquid (or food) inside, not on heating the air or container around it, meaning that most if not all of the energy generated is used to make your water ready.

Given this logic, it is hard to believe that a burner element on an electric stovetop would be any better, but an analysis by Home Energy Magazine found otherwise. The magazine’s researchers discovered that an electric burner uses about 25 percent less electricity than a microwave in boiling a cup of water.

That said, the difference in energy saved by using one method over another is negligible: Choosing the most efficient process might save a heavy tea drinker a dollar or so a year. “You’d save more energy over the year by replacing one light bulb with a CFL [compact fluorescent lightbulb] or turning off the air conditioner for an hour - not an hour a day, one hour at some point over the whole year,” says consumer advocate Michael Bluejay.

Although a microwave may not save much energy or money over a stove burner when heating water, it can be much more energy-efficient than a traditional full-size oven when it comes to cooking food. For starters, because their heat waves are concentrated on the food, microwaves cook and heat much faster than traditional ovens. According to the federal government’s Energy Star program, which rates appliances based on their energy-efficiency, cooking or re-heating small portions of food in the microwave can save as much as 80 percent of the energy used to cook or warm them up in the oven.

The website reports that there are other things you can do to optimize your energy efficiency around the kitchen when cooking. For starters, make sure to keep the inside surfaces of your microwave oven clean so as to maximize the amount of energy reflected toward your food. On a gas stovetop, make sure the flame is fully below the cookware; likewise, on an electric stovetop, make sure the pan or kettle completely covers the heating element to minimize wasted heat. Also, use the appropriate size pan for the job at hand, as smaller pans are cheaper and more energy-efficient to heat up.

Despite these tips for cooking greener, Bluejay reiterates that most of us will hardly put a dent in our overall energy use just by choosing one appliance over another. According to his analysis, for someone who bakes three hours a week the cheapest cooking method saves only an estimated $2.06/month compared to the most expensive method.

“Focusing on cooking methods is not the way to save electricity [at home],” says Bluejay. “You should look at heating, cooling, lighting and laundry instead.”

CONTACTS: Home Energy Magazine,; Treehugger,; Michael Bluejay,

Send Your Environmental Questions To: EarthTalk, P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881; Read past columns at:

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Barnes-Kasson Corner
By Cara Sepcoskiw

National Psoriasis Awareness Week August 26 - 22

Barnes-Kasson Hospital is observing National Psoriasis Awareness Week August 16 through 22.

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that causes skin cells to grow too rapidly, resulting in thick, abnormally colored patches of skin.

In normal skin growth, the skin cells grow gradually and flake off over time. New skin cells will grow to replace the dead cells that flaked off. However, with psoriasis new skin cells grow to fast and move to the surface of the skin in days rather than weeks. This forms a buildup of skin cells that creates an abnormal appearance in patches on the skin.

Psoriasis is a very diverse condition, and can affect more than just the skin. Approximately 10-30 percent of people with Psoriasis have Psoriatic Arthritis, a potentially crippling disorder. Psoriatic Arthritis comes in five different forms. These forms include symmetric, asymmetric, distal interphalangeal predominant, spondylitis and arthritis mutilans.

The cause of psoriasis is located inside the immune system. Psoriasis occurs when a type of white blood cell called a T lymphocyte or T cell malfunctions. Normally, T cells travel throughout the body to detect and fight off foreign substances, such as viruses or bacteria. If you have psoriasis, however, the T cells will attack healthy skin cells. The actions of the T cells trigger other immune responses, such as an increase in white blood cells that can enter the layers of the skin. Changes like this result in an increased production of both healthy skin cells and more T cells and other white blood cells. The result is an ongoing cycle in which new skin cells move to the outermost layer of skin too quickly. The extra dead skin and white blood cells can't fall off quick enough and build up in thick, scaly patches on the skin's surface. This usually doesn't stop unless some form of treatment interrupts the cycle.

There is no documented cause as for what makes the T cells do this, but research has uncovered a few possible culprits. The most common factor is genetics. One third of all psoriasis cases had a family member who shared the same condition.

At this point in time, there is no cure for Psoriasis. But there are multiple treatment options, including products applied to the skin, phototherapy, and oral medicines. Topical treatments are usually used for mild cases, and can sometimes be obtained without a prescription. Phototherapy is used for more moderate cases. It is made up of brief exposures to ultraviolet light such as ultraviolet B light, also known as UVB. Phototherapy often improves psoriasis, and treatment is usually done 3 times a week. If topical medicines and phototherapy are not controlling a patient’s psoriasis well enough, oral medications are usually recommended.

Coping with psoriasis can be a challenge, especially if the disease covers large areas of your body or is in places readily seen by other people, such as your face or hands. If you or someone you know has psoriasis, one of the best things you can do is to educate yourself. Educate those around you, including family and friends, so they can recognize, acknowledge and support your efforts in dealing with the disease.

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