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Issue Home September 10, 2008 Site Home

100 Years Ago
From the Desk of the D.A.
The Healthy Geezer
Straight From Starrucca
Veterans’ Corner
What’s Bugging You?
Food For Thought
Earth Talk
Barnes-Kasson Corner

100 Years Ago

LENOX TWP.: The police of the surrounding towns are looking for a man who is one of the three who brutally tortured an aged farmer, Edwin Hartley, Saturday night. Hartley, who resides with his daughter on his farm near Glenwood, a mile from the main road, sold some sheep on the day preceding the crime, for which he realized nearly $1,000. Early on Saturday morning he sent his daughter to the bank at Montrose with the money. She had not returned when the three robbers went to Hartley’s home and demanded the money. The men were masked and carried revolvers. Hartley told them that he had no money in the house, that he had sent it to the bank. But the robbers would not believe him. They took an old ploughshare, heated it in the fire and applied it to the soles of his feet, and otherwise maltreated him, some of it unprintable. The old man, in his agony, protested that he had not the money. The thieves then searched the house, but secured only $8.50 and left. The robbers then took to the woods in the neighborhood. Later a man, supposed to be one of the robbers, was captured the same night--William Wandell. Another man named Oscar Platt was captured and brought to Montrose.

GIBSON: Lester Pritchard, Tracy Bailey, Burr Wilder, Gus Clark and Charlie Lupton, are in Cooperstown, employed in picking hops. AND: In South Gibson, Byron Tiffany and Lennie Hoel are taking a pleasant trip to Niagara Falls.

HALLSTEAD: For the second time within a few weeks the shoe store of R. Sayre was entered by burglars about midnight. Early in the evening two suspicious looking strangers were seen loitering in front of the store. It is thought that later they entered the store by breaking the glass in a front window. Most of the shoes were pulled down from the shelves, removed from the boxes and scattered about the floor. Several pairs of fine shoes were taken, but the thieves did not get any money. No trace of the burglars has been found.

NEW MILFORD: Will McManus goes to New York to take a course in vocal music under the instruction of Signor DeMacchi, one of the most noted tenors of that city.

HERRICK CENTRE: Sunday p.m., as Miss Dimmock, of Uniondale, was out driving with a friend from Hallstead, they came down the hill crossing the Erie tracks at Herrick and the horse became unmanageable and started to run. One of the lines broke causing the horse to turn towards the Post Office. As they made the turn the wagon was thrown into a fence completely wrecking it. Miss Dimmock remained in the top and was bruised but not badly hurt and her friend was thrown over the fence and quite badly shaken up.

SHANNON HILL, Auburn Twp.: There was quite a good crowd at Mrs. Peter Kintner’s aid last Wednesday, considering it was in silo-filling time; a nice lot of carpet rags were sewed and all enjoyed the music on the new piano.

FOREST CITY: Harry A. and Samuel H. Cohen, the resident managers of Cohen Brothers’ new store, which is being opened in the Leonard building, have arrived in town and are working like Trojans to get their store in shape for business on September 10th. The two gentlemen above mentioned will manage the store in this city while a third brother will take charge of their well established store in Pittston.

SPRINGVILLE: L. W. Welch lost a horse in an unusual way. He drove it into a pond to get water and it got into the mud and was drowned, though its mate was saved by Mr. Welch, who walked on the dead horse to unfasten the other and almost lost his own life in doing so. AND: In Lynn, the 4’oclock train on the Montrose branch of the Lehigh Valley met with quite a wreck on Saturday, caused by the rails spreading near Cool station. The engine and one milk car were overturned, causing a delay of several hours until the wrecking train arrived.

HOPBOTTOM: The only schoolhouse in this place, when the Lackawanna Railroad went through here, was situated just west of the Marvin Tiffany home, on a road then leading from the Tiffany homestead to where Milo Tiffany now lives. This road has been vacated for several years. When people began to move into town they wanted the school building in the town and the school board erected a schoolhouse on the hill a little south of where Chauncey Rose’s house now stands. It was used on Sundays for religious meetings, there being no churches here at that time. After a few years the building was sold to Enoch Lord, who moved it away and added more to it, making it a dwelling house, where he lived and died. After a great deal of contention and strife, the school building was located where it now stands.

SUMMERSVILLE: Rattlesnakes have been plentiful in the mountains of Susquehanna and Jefferson counties this summer, and a very strange snake story has come to light--that of a snake swallowing a 5-lb. weight. John Frazier, a quarryman residing near here, missed a big weight he used at his scales at the barn several days ago, and while picking berries near the barn he heard a rustling in the underbrush and found a rattler confronting a rabbit. Having been skeptical concerning snakes’ ability to charm prey, he then awaited results. The rabbit disappeared in the reptile’s mouth when he dispatched it. Its stomach contained two rabbits and his missing 5-lb. weight. Great snakes!

MONTROSE: Donning their riding habits, on Saturday, Sept. 5th, our popular liveryman, William A. Harrington and Minnie C. Stoddard, mounted their favorite ponies, “Spot” and “Whistle,” for the purpose of taking an enjoyable horseback drive through the picturesque country. It was just at the sunrise hour, when they dismounted and entered the Presbyterian Manse, on Maple St., where in the quiet of the early morning, Rev. John M. MacInnis pronounced them man and wife. They then took breakfast with the groom’s Mother, at Ferncliff Farm in East Bridgewater, after which they continued their drive. The beautiful Elk Mountains and Fern Hall, at Crystal Lake, were among the points visited.

SUSQUEHANNA: Work is progressing rapidly on the new concrete dam that is being constructed across the river for the Susquehanna County Electric company. The old wooden dam had been badly damaged by high water and floods and it was decided to replace it with a more substantial structure.

NEWS BRIEF: The low condition of the water has caused much typhoid through all the State. We will undoubtedly live in dread of this disease until an educated public insists upon proper filters.

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From the Desk of the D.A.
By District Attorney Jason J. Legg

In 2003, Michael Shatzer was incarcerated in a Maryland Correctional Facility as a result of the sexual abuse of a child. The police received information from a social worker that suggested that Shatzer may have also abused a separate child. A police officer was sent to the correctional facility to interview Shatzer relative to the new abuse allegations. Because Shatzer was incarcerated, he was read his Miranda rights by the police officer, and Shatzer requested an attorney. Whenever a suspect asserts his constitutional right to counsel during an interview, the police officer may not ask additional questions until such time as the suspect has been provided counsel (or, in the alternative, the suspect voluntarily reinitiates the conversation and withdraws the request). Because Shatzer had asserted his right to counsel, the interview was stopped, and the investigation was closed. At that time, the child was too young to provide the police with specific details of the abuse.

As time passed, the small victim grew, and, after three years, the victim was able to provide better details to the police relative to the abuse that Shatzer had perpetrated. The investigation was re-opened, and the police returned to the correctional facility to interview Shatzer, who was now 50 years of age. The police again read Shatzer his Miranda rights and Shatzer signed a written waiver and agreed to discuss the matter with the police. Initially, Shatzer admitted to masturbating in front of the small child, but denied ever touching or sexually abusing the child. Shatzer agreed to take a polygraph, and, upon learning that he failed, he began to cry and claimed that he “didn’t force him.” Based upon the new evidence, Shatzer was arrested for the abuse.

Shatzer filed a suppression motion, contending that his assertion of his right to counsel three years earlier in the first investigation remained in effect, and that the police had no right to re-interview him. The following facts were not in dispute: Shatzer was read his Miranda rights before the second interview; Shatzer understood his rights; Shatzer signed a written waiver of those rights and agreed to talk to the police; and Shatzer agreed to take a polygraph test. The problem does not relate to the manner in which the second interview was conducted; rather, the question is whether the second interview should have even occurred.

The trial court refused to suppress the statements, finding that the passage of three years attenuated the initial request for counsel, that Shatzer understood his rights, and Shatzer voluntarily agreed to discuss the matter with the police. On appeal, the Maryland Court of Appeals (the state’s highest court) recently concluded that the passage of time does not negate Shatzer’s initial assertion of his right to counsel. In other words, the police should not have approached Shatzer for the second interview until such time as Shatzer had legal counsel (or, in the alternative, until such time as Shatzer initiated the contact and waived his rights). The Court admitted that other courts have struggled to determine how long the initial assertion of the right to counsel exists – but concluded that to find that the assertion of that right expired, especially where Shatzer had never been released from state custody, would create a “slippery slope” with no clear parameters as to how to determine an appropriate timeframe for expiration.

The dissenting justices questioned the wisdom of such a declaration: “The Majority Opinion will discourage police from investigating new leads to older crimes if a suspect in those crimes already is incarcerated for other crimes. If the police fail to discover that at some interrogation, years ago and by another law enforcement agency, the suspect invoked his right to have counsel present, any statements, no matter how voluntary, will be excludable. The police would be better off to wait for the suspect's release, thus ensuring a break in custody, and then interrogate the suspect. Of course, depending on the length of sentence that the suspect is serving, this delay guarantees that memories will fade, evidence will be lost, and other witnesses will move away or die. The Majority's Opinion will place another obstacle, largely clerical in nature, in front of investigators who have the already unenviable assignment of investigating dormant or cold cases.”

The Maryland Attorney General has indicated that it will appeal this case to the United States Supreme Court. Hopefully, the Supreme Court will consider this case and provide courts and law enforcement with a clear answer to this perplexing question.

Please submit any questions, concerns, or comments to Susquehanna County District Attorney’s Office, P.O. Box 218, Montrose, Pennsylvania 18801 or at our website or discuss this and all articles at

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The Healthy Geezer
By Fred Cicetti

Q. This may sound bizarre to you, but I think there are prostitutes visiting a senior-citizen housing project near my home. Could I be imagining this?

I don’t find this bizarre at all. People without partners who still desire sex have been known to order home delivery. I suspect that you are having trouble believing your eyes because you don’t think older men and women are having sex. And, if that’s what you think, you are mistaken.

A recent survey of 3,005 U.S. adults between 57 and 85 published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that there’s a lot of love after the bloom. Here’s a breakdown of those reporting that they were sexually active: 73 percent between the ages of 57 and 64; 53 percent between the ages of 65 and 74; 26 percent between the ages of 75 and 85.

But, hey, the sex wasn’t always easy. Half of the survey respondents reported at least one problem.

The leading obstacle for women was low sexual desire (43 percent). The top problem for men was erectile dysfunction (37 percent).

But there’s more. As a woman ages, her vagina becomes thinner, less flexible and drier, so intercourse can be painful. Older men suffer from reduced libido, too. Both men and women can have trouble climaxing.

Then there are illnesses – and the medications to treat them – that can get in the way of a night/matinee/morning of passion. These illnesses include heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, hormone abnormalities, and emotional difficulties.

Fortunately for seniors today, there is better sex through chemistry. Men can treat their erection problems with drugs such as Viagra, Levitra and Cialis. Women can make sex more comfortable with over-the-counter lubricants, vaginal inserts and hormone supplements. Other available treatments for erectile dysfunction include vacuum devices, injections and penile implants.

“We need to take time to make love to our partners,” explains Robert Schwalbe, PhD, a New York psychoanalyst and author of, Sixty, Sexy, and Successful. “We need to cuddle and kiss. If you like oral sex, now is the time to do it more. Now is also the time to give long, full body massages and to use lotions and lubricants. You may very well find out that adapting your sex life in this way results in more satisfying sex rather than less satisfying sex.”

Honest communication between partners is critically important to relationships as we get older and our bodies change. Couples can drift apart over misunderstandings about emotional and physical needs. Speak up.

Discussing senior sex in the media was simply not done until those crazy and liberating 1960s, when Masters and Johnson published their findings on sex. But, today, even though there has been substantial research about sex among the elderly, there are still lingering misunderstandings about the subject.

So let’s set the record straight. The research has found the following among seniors: sexual interest and the need for sexual contact continue throughout the life cycle; for many, sexual satisfaction increases; regular sexual activity is standard when a partner is available; most elderly believe that sex contributes to both physical and psychological health; physical capacity for male and female orgasm continues almost indefinitely; sexual practices are varied and include oral sex and masturbation in addition to intercourse.

If you have a question, please write to

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Straight From Starrucca
By Danielle Williams

No Straight From Starrucca This Week

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Veterans’ Corner

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What’s Bugging You?
By Stuart W. Slocum

Fall Webworm: the fall foliage grinch

School has started, the nights are cooler, and the landscape begins to show signs of autumn’s approach. While looking forward to the brilliant array of fall foliage, we are repulsed by the disgusting appearance of large silk tents enveloping dead leaves, creepy caterpillars and their droppings. This blight on the autumn landscape is caused by the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea. First appearing in late summer, the fall webworm is a native North American insect that attacks up to 90 different species of trees, shrubs and ornamental plants. Among its favorite targets are the native hickory trees. This undesirable insect belongs to the tiger moth family, Arctiidae, as do the wooly bear and hickory tussock moth, the subjects of previous articles. While similar to the eastern tent caterpillar in the fact that it constructs a silken tent, the webworm varies in the fact that its tent is much larger and located at the tips of tree branches rather than at a tree crotch. As the caterpillars grow, their tent expands. The caterpillars continue to consume all of the foliage within, leaving behind only the thickest leaf veins. The feeding webworm caterpillars never leave their tent until they drop to the ground to pupate.

A fall webworm tent.

The mature caterpillars are covered with long, white hairs emanating from black and orange wart-like structures along their bodies. It is interesting to note that there are two distinct races of caterpillars, both occurring simultaneously within the same colony. One race contains individuals with red heads, while the other has black heads. They also differ somewhat in body color and have markings that vary from yellow-white to yellow-green. By late fall, the caterpillars will drop from the web to the soil beneath where they pupate over the winter. Early the following summer the adults emerge. These adult moths are white, with some scattered dark markings. With a wingspan of only about an inch, these moths are quite small and inconspicuous. The female moth lays a mass of light yellow eggs on the underside of a leaf. The eggs hatch in a few days and the larvae, which are pale yellow with two rows of black markings, immediately begin to spin a silk web over their feeding area. When disturbed, the caterpillars will often collectively sway back and forth.

A fall webworm caterpillar.

These fall webworms are often mistaken for either eastern tent caterpillars or gypsy moths. As indicated earlier, the silk tents of the tent caterpillar are much smaller and not located at the tips of the branches. Both tent caterpillars and gypsy moth caterpillars are active only in the spring of the year. While tent caterpillars leave their webs to eat, the fall webworm spends its entire feeding time within its ever-expanding nest.

Despite their size, numbers and unsightly appearance, the fall webworms rarely kill or permanently damage trees and plants. Since most trees have already stored up adequate food reserves, they can tolerate the leaf loss this late in the season and will make a comeback the following spring. Ironically, in Europe and Japan, areas where they have been accidentally introduced, the webworms are a major forest pest.

It is fortunate that Mother Nature has provided some biological controls for these voracious leaf eaters. Webworms are hosts to nearly 50 different varieties of parasitic wasps and flies. It usually requires several years for the numbers of these natural controls to catch up to and diminish the rising webworm populations. Wet, humid weather conditions make the webworms more susceptible to numerous viruses that can inhibit their growth and eventually kill them.

Either disrupting the tents or snipping them off and destroying them can control the webworm caterpillars. This technique is often impossible to accomplish due to the fact that most of the webs are located very high in the trees. In extreme cases, application of Bt (a natural microbial product) or a pesticide registered for use on caterpillars is necessary. Application should be made mid-July before the large webs appear. General spraying should be discouraged, since it is apt to do more harm to beneficial insects than to the webworms. Especially on low-lying ornamentals, the best control is to remove and destroy the webs at the earliest time of detection.

While everyone detests the sight of these ugly, dirty nests, it is prudent to remember that these “bugs” really are mostly harmless and just another one of nature’s creatures. In all likelihood, attempting to destroy them may create greater harm to some of nature’s “good guys”.

Questions, comments and suggestions regarding this article, identifications or any other insect-related matters are welcome. Please email them to

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Food For Thought
By Lauretta L. Clowes DC

No Food For Thought This Week

From the Editors of E/The Environmental Magazine

No Earth Talk This Week

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Barnes-Kasson Corner
By Cara Sepcoski

Whole Grains Week September 7 – 13

Barnes-Kasson Hospital is celebrating National Whole Grains Week during September 7 – 13. Whole grains are considered to be any type of grain in its “whole” form. All grains start life as whole grains.

When being grown naturally, whole grains are the entire seed of a plant. This seed is made up of three main parts: the bran, the germ, and the endosperm. The entire seed is referred to as a “kernel” by the grain harvesting industry. The bran part of the kernel is the protective layers of skin that protects the germ and the endosperm. The germ, on the other hand, is the embryo. If the embryo is fertilized by pollen, it will grow into a new plant. The endosperm is the food supply to the germ.

Whole grains are by far healthier than normal grains. When industries remove the bran and the germ, 25% of the protein and nutrients are lost. Whole grains play an important part in our diet. It is recommended that we eat at least half of our grains as whole grains. That is about 3-5 servings of whole grains for adults, and approximately 2-3 servings for children.

Scientists recommend whole grains because of the natural nutrients found inside them. They contain magnesium, vitamins B and E, and plenty of iron and fiber. Studies suggest that eating your recommended amount of whole grains will reduce your risk of heart disease by 25-36%, stroke by 37%, Type 2 diabetes by 21-27%, digestive system cancers by 21-43%, and hormone-related cancers by 10-40%. It is also noted that people who eat whole grains on a daily basis have a lower risk of obesity, as measured by their BMI (body mass index). They also have lower cholesterol levels.

Whole grains only make up 10-15% of our grocery stores’ grain shelves. This makes looking for whole grains a challenge. To make this easier, whole grain producing companies have placed a whole grain stamp on all the products containing 100% whole grain.

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