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Remember to “garland the lonely mound, on yonder hillside found,” of our soldier dead. Mingle both tears and flowers in their honor--bearing this Memorial Day thought with us, “as now they are, so shall we soon be.”
NEW MILFORD: Silas B. Foot, of the firm of Foot, Schulz and Co., of St. Paul, Minn., died at his home in that city last Friday morning, after several months of declining health. He was born in New Milford, Nov. 7, 1834, going west 51 years ago, and after being a retail dealer for some years developed into one of a firm that became noted as shoe manufacturers throughout the west. He was a reputed millionaire and engaged quite actively in business as the senior member of the firm until his death. Four sons and daughters survive. Mr. Foot was an agreeable gentleman to meet and within a year or two visited New Milford, Montrose and other places in this vicinity to visit relatives and friends and note the many changes that had taken place since his young manhood.
SUSQUEHANNA: Has Montrose a ball team? Rumors to the effect that such is the case have reached Susquehanna but the local fans are not willing to believe it. They are from Missouri and must be shown. The local team claims the championship of Susquehanna county and stands ready to defend their title against any aspirants from Montrose, New Milford, Hallstead, Great Bend or Forest City. They are particularly anxious to meet the representatives from the county seat and are satisfied that it will only take them a short time to show the Montrose boys how the National game should be played. The Susquehanna bat smashers are working hard to get in condition.
HEART LAKE: Frank T. Mack announces that the opening dance of the season will be held in the pavilion May 30th. Mahon’s Orchestra will furnish music, and all are invited.
BROOKLYN: Artistic picture postals, seventy-five varieties, Brooklyn scenes and scenery. Price five cents. For sale by the photographer, Hattie D. Lee.
FRANKLIN FORKS: Southworth Post No. 222 will meet at Post hall, May 30 at 9:30 o’clock and march to the cemetery at Franklin Forks and decorate the graves of the soldiers resting there; will go from there to Lawsville and other comrades will decorate graves at Laurel Lake Catholic cemetery, Quaker Lake, Upsonville, Bailey cemetery and Brookdale. The graves that will be decorated this year will number 100 or more. There will be a picnic dinner at Creamery hall at 12 o’clock.
DIMOCK: Milk is now 74 cents a can at the Dimock milk station.
MONTROSE: The graduating class of the Montrose High School is as follows: Ruth Burns, Albert M. Bronson, Arthur Stebbins Bush, J. Alphonsus Calby, Frances L. Cruser, John G. Corson, George R. Ely, Walter E. Fancher, Elwyn J. Hibbard, Helen M. Mackey, Mary Maloney, Emily I. Millard, Frank Edward Morris, Earl Pepper, Bentley Sayre Shafer, C. Gertrude Southworth, Guy Carleton Strous, Roswell M. Watrous, Ezra A. Wheaton.
HERRICK CENTRE: Dorothy, the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Fletcher, came near meeting with a bad accident one day last week. Her grandfather left his horse, a blind one, standing at the barn [and] Dorothy got in and started up the horse. He turned in front of the house and [jumped] over a picket fence that stood on top of a four foot retaining wall, into the creek. Her father arrived on the scene in time to grab the girl as she fell in the water, [and] for a wonder not a scratch could be found on the horse or little girl, but F. D. had a badly bruised leg.
FAIR HILL: If the young gentlemen (?) who drive up in front of the church, and sit and talk, smoke and make fun, only knew that they are doing what they will one day be ashamed of, they would cease such actions.
HOP BOTTOM: Measles have just reached our town. A number of families are afflicted.
HARFORD: Harford has organized an orchestra, Rev. McDowell as leader.
WATROUS CORNERS: The Catlin young people have moved home from Montrose, and on account of having measles, will not go to school any more.
LAUREL LAKE: Cards are out announcing the marriage of Martin Murphy and Mary Mooney.
LENOXVILLE: Saturday night our little village was again startled by the cry of fire and on investigating the store building owned by S. B. Hartley was found to be in flames. The building and most of the contents were burned. The news flew over the telephone and soon a large crowd had gathered and did their best to stop the flames. The fighters succeeded only in saving the surrounding buildings. Several went to work carrying goods from the store but saved only a small portion. Cause of fire is unknown.
THOMPSON: Miss Mabel and Nellie Bloxham, trained nurses of Jersey City, were summoned to Thompson by the death of their father, the late Eli H. Bloxham.
FLYNN, Middletown Twp.: The “Merry Widow” hat has struck the town. The only good feature to be seen about them is that only two can ride in a carriage at one time.
GREAT BEND: The wedding of Mr. John B. Connor and Miss Mary A. Coddington was solemnized in St. Lawrence church, Tuesday morning, by Rev. Father Fagan, rector of the church.
FOREST CITY: Lake Hillside, the reservoir made by the company, in the valley west of the borough, is quite a large sheet of water and will make an attractive lake when the stumps are entirely cleared out, as they probably will be in the next year or two. The ground was naturally adapted for a reservoir and the water is held back by a comparatively short wall. The lake could very easily be almost doubled in size. It is the intention of the company to use the water to supply their collieries in this place.
Last week, I described the general rules governing a “citizen’s arrest,” and the difficulties in determining whether a lawful “citizen’s arrest” may be executed. The questions facing someone considering making a “citizen’s arrest” include an assessment of the grading of the alleged offense as being a felony or a misdemeanor, whether the offense occurred in the person’s presence, and, whether, even after considering the observed conduct, there is probable cause to believe a criminal act has occurred. Adding to these difficulties is that most citizens have no legal training so as to know what probable cause is, let alone whether probable cause exists to support a “citizen’s arrest.” While citizens may have the common law authority to effectuate a “citizen’s arrest,” the better choice is to call law enforcement and allow them to handle it.
Another reason to avoid making a “citizen’s arrest” is the potential consequences if you are wrong. First, the alleged offender may defend himself against an unlawful “citizen’s arrest.” In other words, the attempted “citizen’s arrest” may result in a physical assault for which the alleged offender was justified in his forceful resistance. This may result in physical injuries to one or both of the combatants.
Moreover, a person attempting to effectuate a “citizen’s arrest” places himself or herself not only in physical jeopardy, but also legal jeopardy. If there was no lawful basis for a “citizen’s arrest,” the citizen may find himself or herself being arrested. If physical force was used in the illegal “citizen’s arrest,” then the citizen would be facing criminal assault charges.
Further, the Crimes Code has a specific provision relating to false imprisonment. This provision provides that it is unlawful for a person to “knowingly restrain another unlawfully so as to interfere substantially with his liberty.” Thus, if you were to make an illegal “citizen’s arrest,” you would have knowingly and unlawfully interfered substantially with the liberty of another person – and you would find yourself being arrested. The grading of the criminal defense depends upon the age of victim, i.e., the age of the person who was wrongfully detained. If the victim was an adult, false imprisonment is a misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable by up to two years incarceration and a fine up to $5,000. If the victim was under 18 years of age, false imprisonment is a felony of the second degree, punishable by up to 10 years and a fine up to $25,000.
Thus, there are substantial risks associated with the decision to effectuate a “citizen’s arrest.” First, there is the potential for physical injury resulting from the offender’s attempts to avoid detention – and the threat of physical injuries applies to the citizen, the offender and the public in general. Second, if a physical altercation occurs, and the attempted “citizen’s arrest” was unlawful, the citizen could be charged with criminal charges relating to his assault on the alleged offender. Third, if the attempted “citizen’s arrest” was unlawful, the citizen could also be charged with false imprisonment.
In the end of the last column, I made clear that citizens should avoid getting themselves involved in a situation where they are attempting to make a “citizen’s arrest.” Hopefully, this column provides an adequate explanation for this warning. The bottom line – call the police.
Please submit any questions, concerns, or comments to Susquehanna County District Attorney’s Office, P.O. Box 218, Montrose, Pennsylvania 18801 or at www.SusquehannaCounty-DA.org.
Q. There’s been so much in the news about stem cells but I still don’t understand what they are. Can you explain?
This is the most complicated topic I’ve covered in this column, so I can understand why you have questions about it. The subject is so vast that I’m going to present it in two parts. Here goes:
In your body, you have specialized cells that make up your brain, blood, bones and other anatomical parts. Stem cells are not specialized; they are master cells. Stem cells divide to form specialized cells or new stem cells.
There are two basic forms of stem cells – embryonic and adult.
Embryonic stem cells come from embryos that are a few days old. These cells can divide into more stem cells or any type of body cell. Embryonic stem cells have the greatest capacity to regenerate or repair diseased tissue in people.
The extraction of embryonic stem cells kills them. There’s been controversy about embryonic stem cells because some people believe that scientists are taking human lives during extraction.
“Adult stem cells” is a misnomer used to describe stem cells found in adult tissues, children, placentas and umbilical cords. Some scientists now use the term somatic (body) stem cell. Adult stem cells are often present in only small quantities. The primary functions of adult stem cells are to maintain and repair tissue.
The conventional wisdom has been that adult stem cells create only one kind of specialized cell, but a new theory suggests that these cells may have the potential to do more. For example, bone-marrow stem cells responsible for producing blood might be able to make nerve tissue.
Recently, researchers reported creating stem cells by altering the genes in adult skin cells. These new cells acted like embryonic stem cells, according to these scientists. The research in converting adult cells into embryonic stem cells is in its very early stages.
There are three classes of stem cells: totipotent, multipotent, and pluripotent.
A fertilized egg is totipotent; it has total potential. It can lead to all the different types of cells in the body. Stem cells that can lead to a small number of different cell types are multipotent. Pluripotent stem cells can give rise to any type of cell in the body except those required to develop a fetus.
Stem cells can be used to create “lines,” which are cell cultures that can be grown indefinitely in the laboratory and then frozen for storage.
Studying stem cells will help us understand how they transform into specialized cells. The causes of cancer and birth defects could be found somewhere in this process. Once scientists understand cell development, they may be able to correct the errors that cause these medical conditions.
Donated organs and tissues are often used to replace those that are diseased or destroyed. Unfortunately, the number of people needing a transplant far exceeds the number of organs available for transplantation. Another potential application of stem cells is making cells and tissues for medical therapies.
Stem cells offer the possibility of a renewable source of replacement cells and tissues to treat many medical problems including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns, heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Continued in my next column.
If you have a question, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
No Straight From Starrucca This Week
No Veterans' Corner This Week
No what's Buggins You This Week
No Food For Thought This Week
Dear EarthTalk: How or where can I recycle clothes that are too old or worn out for Goodwill?
Tim Cheplick, Perrineville, NJ
Just because that old shirt you used to love is too threadbare to wear anymore doesn’t mean it has to end up in a landfill. “Consumers don’t understand that there’s a place for their old clothing, even if something is missing a button or torn,” says Jana Hawley, a professor of textile and apparel management at the University of Missouri-Columbia. “Ninety-nine percent of used textiles are recyclable.”
Non-profits like Goodwill and the Salvation Army play a crucial role in keeping old clothes out of the waste stream. When they get donations of clothes that are too threadbare to re-sell in one of their shops, they send them to “rag sorters” that specialize in recycling pieces of fabric large and small. Says Hawley, these textile recyclers sell about half the clothing they get back overseas in developing countries, while unusable garments, especially cotton t-shirts, are turned into wiping and polishing cloths used by a variety of industries and sold to consumers. She adds that other textiles are shredded into fibers used to make new products, such as sound-deadening materials for the automotive industry, archival-quality paper, blankets and even plastic fencing.
Outdoor clothing and gear maker Patagonia, which plies a strong environmental mandate in key aspects of its operations (from sourcing of raw materials to managing waste to making grants to environmental nonprofits), in 2005 launched its innovative Common Threads Garment Recycling program. The program was originally begun so customers could return their worn out Capilene long undies for recycling, but has expanded to taking back Patagonia fleece and cotton t-shirts as well as Polartec fleece from other manufacturers. Consumers wanting to unload items that meet the program’s criteria can do so at any Patagonia retail store or by mailing them into the company’s Reno, Nevada service center.
Of course, do-it-yourselfers handy with needle-and-thread or sewing machines can turn their old clothes into new creations such as quilts, handbags and smaller items. The website Expert Village, which claims to have the largest online collection of “how-to” videos, offers a free series called “How to Recycle Old Clothes into New Fashions.” Short step-by-step videos in the series cover such topics as transforming old garments into works of art; sewing patches, buttons and beads onto old clothes; deconstructing a wedding dress; ironing graphics onto old garments, and much more. Another good use for threadbare clothes (as well as sheets and towels) is pet bedding, whether in your own home or donated to a local animal shelter.
According to the non-profit Institute for Local Self-Reliance, textiles make up about four percent of the weight and eight percent of the volume of all municipal solid waste in the U.S. The commercial recycling company U’SAgain – which runs private for-profit recycling services in Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Minneapolis, Seattle, St. Louis and elsewhere – finds that some 85 percent of the 70 pounds of textiles the average American purchases each year ends up landfilled. That means the typical U.S. city with 50,000 residents has to pay (with local tax dollars) for the handling and disposal of some 3,000 tons of textiles every year. The shame of such waste is that textiles are so easy to recycle or otherwise find new uses for.
Dear EarthTalk: What are the conservation implications of all the wild colonies of escaped pet parrots that have turned up in and around some major U.S. cities?
Mike Gifford, Kirkland, WA
At least three dozen different parrot species are now considered threatened or endangered in their quickly shrinking native tropical and sub-tropical habitats (mostly in South America). As such, the health of wild flocks in the U.S. and other developed countries around the world may well be key to preserving these birds that could otherwise go extinct.
Today wild parrot flocks thrive in urban and suburban areas of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Florida, Texas, Washington State and elsewhere. San Francisco and Brooklyn each host particularly large flocks, especially considering their relative lack of green space. Wild parrot flocks are also reportedly thriving in cities across much of Western Europe. Most of these parrots, of course, are not former pets themselves, but the descendents of birds that long ago may have escaped during transport from their jungle homes to pet stores generations ago.
Parrots are among the most intelligent and adaptable birds, so it is no surprise that they’ve done so well in North America and other regions, despite colder temperatures. Indeed it is not uncommon in the Northeast to see large groups of parrots perched in winter on deck railings piled with several inches of snow. The regions they inhabit, despite the cold weather, provide enough food and shelter to meet their relatively modest needs. And once the parrots were able to establish themselves in their new habitats, they got on with the business of breeding. Therefore, their offspring, though born in the city, are wild birds nonetheless, carrying on lifestyles not unlike those of their ancestors back in the jungles of South America (though their predators are different).
Conservationists are optimistic that the parrots’ successful adaptation to more northerly urban environments bodes well for their future, despite the loss of much of their ancestral rainforest habitat. According to Roelant Jonker of the non-profit City Parrots, encouraging the formation of wild flocks of urban parrots promises to be a much more effective conservation tactic than trying to raise more birds in captivity where they would not so readily pass on their genes or learn the survival, adaptation and social skills necessary to survive. To Jonker, the proof is in the pudding: Some 2,500 wild red-crowned Amazon parrots (a quarter of the world’s total) are thriving in and around California’s biggest urban areas at the same time their population numbers are plummeting back in their native rainforest habitat.
The 2006 Judy Irving documentary, The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill, shadows wild parrot crusader Mark Bittner and his efforts to care for a wild flock of Red-headed Conyers living in San Francisco. Bittner feeds birdseed to the Conyers and gets to know each individual bird and its idiosyncrasies. The film’s shots of parrots interacting with one another and with Bittner really drive the point home how much we have in common with the wild kingdom of animals all around us, whether we live in the city or the country.
GOT AN ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTION? Send it to: EarthTalk, c/o E/The Environmental Magazine, P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881; submit it at: www.emagazine.com/earthtalk/thisweek/, or e-mail: email@example.com. Read past columns at: www.emagazine.com/earthtalk/archives.php.
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